Mains-74: Effects of Liberalization on Indian Economy

Liberalisation of the Indian economy since 1991 has led to excessive consumerism and over-production of ‘white goods’. Elucidate.

At the end of the first phase of economic liberalisation 1991-2001, the result is economic growth and better availability of goods and services to consumers of India. The review of the phase shows that economic growth has been achieved and employment are also generated but it has resulted into increased spending capacity. Demand is high ..

Capitalism has guided the world economy to unprecedented prosperity. However, it often encourages shortsightedness and contributes to wide disparities between the rich and the poor. In this light, would it be correct to believe and adopt capitalism driving inclusive growth in India? Discuss. [UPSC-2014]

Communism has proved an unprecedented failure as far as economic policies are being considered. India, with its unique mix of capitalism and socialism, failed to prop up its economy till it fully embraced capitalism. Capitalism has emerged as preferred ideology by which to guide economics by mere mode of elimination since it is the best ..

To what extent, the economic liberalization has been able to bridge the gender gap in Indian workforce? Critically discuss.


To what extent the benefits of economic liberalization were trickled down to the lower strata of the society? Discuss critically.

Post independence, Poverty, and slow economic growth were the major issues in front of India. One of the core argument for the economic liberalization was that this will not only boost economic growth but the benefits will be trickled down means growth will percolate down to the poorest people. Similarly as per economist Simon Kuznets, ..

Critically examine the recent health ministry and NITI aayog proposal of public-private partnership (PPP) model to provide diagnosis and treatment for three non-communicable diseases in smaller cities.

The recent proposal by Ministry of Health and NITI Aayog to boost healthcare with PPP is a critical decision of the government as it will lasting impact on public healthcare. The proposal seeks to set up centres under the PPP model in district run hospitals which have at least 250 beds and an average daily ..