Mains-46: Mechanisms & Laws for Protection of Vulnerable Sections

Capital Punishment & Rape

The Supreme Court’s dismissal of review petitions of all four convicts in the Nirbhaya case has brought them a step closer to capital punishment. If we look at the experience from the past, it is clear that death penalty as a measure to end sexual violence has failed completely. Criminal justice systems across the world ..

Time and again demands have been made for a law to combat lynching. Discuss why the law alone will not be a panacea.

The Supreme Court has directed the Centre and all states to frame stringent laws against lynching. The state of Manipur passed an anti-lynching law last November, Rajasthan and West Bengal have passed such legislation more recently. Why the law alone is not enough? The stringent laws will be futile unless they are strictly enforced on ..

Dalits continue to be marginalised sections of the society inspite of numerous measures for their upliftment. Discuss the constructive measures required to address the concerns of the community.

The decision of the Supreme Court to put riders on the various provisions of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act led to huge protests by the community and after an appeal, the Supreme Court overturned its earlier order. Politicisation of the Issue As per the records of the National Crime Records ..


Why the Supreme Court has withdrawn its earlier order which diluted the provisions of the SC/ST Act?

The Supreme Court has recalled its direction in a 2018 verdict which had virtually diluted provisions of arrest under the SC/ST Act. 2018 Verdict of Supreme Court The Supreme Court had held that safeguards against blackmail are necessary since by way of rampant misuse, complaints are largely being filed against public servant/ judicial officer/ quasi-judicial ..

How do you see the recent passage of Maratha Quota in Maharashtra by the Bombay High Court? Will this have a countrywide implication. Examine.

The decision of the Maharashtra Government to grant quota to Marathas in education and employment has been upheld by the Bombay High Court. It was convinced that Marathas which form a dominant community in the state are educationally backward. This takes the reservation in Maharashtra to a figure of 65 per cent. This is 15 ..