Mains-24: Distribution of Key Natural Resources across India

What are rare earths ? Also elaborate on the usage and importance of such minerals ?

Rare Earth Elements or Rare Earth Metals are a group of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table. The most abundant rare earth elements are cerium, yttrium, lanthanum and neodymium. Despite their classification some of these elements are not really rare. As per the Rare Earth Technology Alliance (RETA), the size of the Rare Earth ..

Why in your opinion does India need to shape its domestic consensus in the growing unpredictable global environment and along with other resource constraints?

The world looks much more disordered than it was five years ago. The rising unpredictability in US under Trump Presidency, the on-going trade war between US and China, Brexit troubles and EU�s own pre-occupations, the turmoil in Middle-East and even the dilution of agreements on US-Russia Arms Control, mounting tensions between Iran and Saudi Arabia, ..

Petroleum refineries are not necessarily located nearer to crude oil producing areas, particularly in many developing countries. Explain its implications.


Critically examine the factors affecting the distributional pattern of population in India.

India has a highly uneven pattern of population distribution largely determined by not only climate along with terrain and availability of water but also socio-economic and historical factors. Due to climate, terrain and availability of water, the northern Indian plains, deltas and coastal plains have higher proportion of population in comparison to south and southern ..

"Topographic constraints, distribution pattern, technical limitation, and poor management do not allow India to harness its water resources efficiently." Discuss.

Topographic constraints, distribution pattern, technical limitation, and poor management are the key factors which inhibit India for using her water resources efficiently.  Topographic Constraints- The topography plays a major role in determining the catchment hydrology, storage, flow path distance and flow path gradient. Distribution Pattern- When rivers are seasonal in nature, it becomes difficult to ..