Mains-12: World War-I & World War-II

Discuss the reasons that helped Industrial Revolution and political liberalization spread first and fast in Western Europe during the 18th and 19th century. Analyze their implications.

Industrial revolution originated first in Western Europe, particularly Britain, and then spread to other European nations like France, Germany, Portugal and Italy. Political liberalization means a movement for political sovereignty of people to some extent, or in other words, loosening of government control over certain matters such as trade and industry. Political liberalisation contributed to ..

How Communism took over Eastern Europe after World War II? Discuss the steps taken by the Western Countries to contain Communism, and to what extent were they successful in it.

Eastern Europe region was the main battlefield during the Second World War. The process of spreading communism in this region started at the end of world war-I and was expedited after the end of world war-II. In 1918, Russia under the leadership of Lenin, a powerful communist leader, started annexing the neighbouring countries. Hungary was ..

Discuss the key changes introduced in Eastern Europe in the aftermath of World War-I? Why democracy failed to establish a permanent hold in the newly formed countries of Eastern Europe? Elucidate.

Changes introduced in Eastern Europe after World War-1 The Treaty of Versailles resulted in new national boundaries and countries. The former empire of Austria-Hungary was dissolved, and new nations were created from its land: Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. The Ottoman Empire was disintegrated and lost most of its land to Allies. It retained only ..


"The League of Nations created in the aftermath of World War-I failed to stop the fascist aggression and thereby failing to stop the outbreak of World War-II in 1939."In this context, explain the reasons for the failure of the League of Nations.

Reasons for the failure of the League of Nations were as follows: The ultimate goal of League of Nation was achieving disarmament. But, the domestic forces were hostile to disarmament and League failed to achieve its major objective. This failure was the main reason for heavy destruction caused during the World War-II. The absence of ..

“The American Revolution was the first step towards birth of the great nation.”Discuss.

“American Revolution was the first step towards birth of the great nation.” This statement can be justified on the basis of changes that were introduced in the American society after the revolution. Some of these changes were as follows: American Revolution developed strong belief among the colonists to have a written constitution. The 13 newly ..