Mains-100 [Previous Year Questions]

Vulnerability is an essential element for defining disaster impacts and its threat to people. How and in what ways can vulnerability to disasters be characterized? Discuss different types of vulnerability with reference disasters.

Vulnerability is the measure of the proneness of people to succumbing under the aftermath harmful effect of disasters. In the absence of robust disaster preparedness the vulnerability increases. Characterizing the Vulnerability Geographical Vulnerability The geographical location may be in the coastal areas, along the river bank or in the earth quake zone makes them more ..

What are the finding about India in the Ease of Doing Business Report 2019?

The World Bank has released this year’s Ease of Doing Business report. The report measured the performance of countries across 10 different dimensions in the 12-month period ending May 1, 2019. Indicators of Ease of Doing Business The ten indicators include: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting ..

Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyse the impact of sand mining along the Indian coasts, citing specific examples.

Sand mining whether legal or illegal is causing serious repercussions on the coastal ecosystem. In a case, the National Green Tribunal imposed a fine of Rs 100 cr on the government of Andhra Pradesh for inaction to prevent illegal sand mining in the state. Impact of Sand Mining on Indian Coasts Coastal sand mining affects the ..


What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space programme?

International Space Station in low Earth orbit is a joint programme of five space agencies namely NASA (United  States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe) and CSA (Canada). Indian Plans of Own Space Station Indian Space Research Organisation has announced that it would start working on its space station following its first manned mission to space Gaganyaan in 2022. The Indian Space ..

How was India benefitted from the contributions of Sir M.Visvesvaraya and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan in the fields of water engineering and agricultural science respectively?

Sir M.Visvesvaraya and Dr M. S. Swaminathan are the two jewels of the Indian research field who have contributed immensely for the fields of water engineering and agricultural science respectively. Sir M.Visvesvaraya and Water Engineering Sir M.Visvesvaraya was the creator automatic sluice gates which were later reused for Tigra Dam (in Madhya Pradesh) and KRS ..