Mains-09: Post-Independence consolidation and reorganization

How V P Menon played a key role in territorial integration of India?

V P Menon was the Secretary in the Ministry of States established by the Government of India in 1947 to deal with the accession of princely states. Menon was a key official in the Ministry and worked in the background and assisted Sardar Patel by travelling across the country and persuading different Maharajas and Nawabs ..

Post-Independence, India chose the path of state socialism, while China went communist. To what extent, this affected the course of economic development in the two countries?

India got its independence in 1947 and the Peoples Republic of China came to existence in 1949. India followed the path of socialism, and China embraced communism. Today both India and China are among the fastest growing economies of the world. India’s encounter with Socialism: India was the poster child of socialism in third world ..

Outline the role of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in unifying the India in post independence period.

Sardar Patel’s foresight and tactful navigation during the most turbulent period in post-Independence was a key determinant in building modern India. Sardar Patel rose to the occasion when the key determinant of the political unity was in jeopardy. Sardar Patel: Maker of Modern India: The political integration of India owes largely to the diplomatic skills ..


Critically examine the Labour Legislations and Land Reforms executed after independence till death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, emphasizing upon their challenges and outcomes.

After Independence Jawaharlal Nehru became first Prime minister of India. Under his rule number of labour legislations and land reforms were executed. Among the labour legislation, first was Industrial Disputes Act 1947 to provide for a machinery and procedure for investigation and settlement of industrial disputes. This act provided for conditions for layoffs (suspension or ..

The factors that led to reorganization of Bombay and Madras were at stark contrast with the factors that led to reorganization of Punjab and Assam. Do you agree? Explain.

Hint: Language was the main factor that led to reorganization of Bombay and Madras. Another factor that led to reorganization of Bombay and Madras was economic development. Social and cultural factors were responsible for reorganization of Assam and Punjab. For example, Punjab was created due to agitation of Akali-dal a Sikh dominated political party which ..