Mains-06: Modern Indian History – Significant Issues

Analyze how India handled the Jammu and Kashmir’s invasion of Pakistan in 1947?

After the abrogation of special status to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370, there have been widespread discussions over how India handled the invasion of Pakistan in 1947. The invasion and subsequent tussle ended with a ceasefire. Then Prime Minister Pandit Nehru is criticized for taking the matter of Pakistani Invasion to the United Nations ..

How did the movement for the liberation of women receive a great stimulus from the rise and growth of the nationalist movement in India?

In the beginning, the nationalist movement was mainly in the form of upliftment of society through socio-religious reforms. During this phase of socio-religious movements, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidhyasagar, D. K. Karve etc. propagated widow-remarriage, female education, right to inheritance of women in paternal property, abolition of child marriage system and polygamy. In ..

The recruitment policy of Indian Army to a great extent was shaped by the so called Martial Race Theory that originated in the aftermath of 1857 rebellion. Was it some kind of sinister designs of British or a natural grouping of soldiers? Analyze critically its cause and effects.

Martial Race was a designation created by officials of British India. The notion of “martial races” was formally developed and codified in the wake of the Indian Uprising of 1857 and became an important basis for the recruitment policy of the Indian Army.  As per martial race theory they classified each caste into one of two categories, ..

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Was the national struggle for independence merely an expression of self-serving agenda of the Indian capitalist class? Discuss giving examples of suitable personalities and events related to Indian capitalist class.

The capitalist class chose to carefully tread in its support to the freedom struggle. It preferred to follow the constitutional path and try resolving disputes through negotiating table. So, they did not want to adopt the informal means of taking to streets and civil disobedience.  There were various reasons for their non-support including fear of ..

Examine how the decline of traditional artisanal industry in colonial India crippled the rural economy.

Pre-colonial India had favorable foreign trade due to excellence in indigenous production. Indian artisans were famous all over the world for their skills.  There was large scale production on cotton and silk, jute, dyestuffs, mineral and metallic products like arms, metal wares and oil. India, towards the end of the 18th century was, undoubtedly one ..

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