Varna System

Features of Caste System in India

The word caste is derived from Portuguese word “casta” which denotes a group.  Castes / Jati are inscriptive groups, membership of which is detailed by birth; and encompass a concrete empirical grouping based on social, ritual and occupational criteria. The castes are endogamous characterised by hereditary occupation and operation of marriage rules, occupational rigidity, social […]


Evolution of the Caste System in India

There are several theories regarding origin and evolution of castes such as Political theory, Traditional theory, Economic or Occupational theory, Ethical theory, Racial theory etc. Each of them is discussed briefly below: Political Theory This theory holds caste as Brahmanic child of Indo-Aryan culture and says that caste system developed in Gangetic plains by Brahmins […]