Total Sanitation Campaign

Open Defecation in India

In Open Defecation (OD), people use fields, forests, rivers, canals, drains, bushes, roads, railway tracks etc. to defecate instead of use of toilets. Prevalence of Open Defecation around the World In terms of total number of persons practicing OD, India is top country of the world with around 626 million people defecating in open. As […]


Implementation Issues in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

The problem with the earlier programmes is at the implementation level. Poor implementation of sanitation schemes is the reason that India is plagued with health and hygiene issues. A report by the UNICEF India and Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA) revealed that only 49 percent of the budget had been utilized between 1999 and 2011. Poor utilization […]

Swachch Bharat Abhiyan

Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP), launched in 1986 was the first major structured initiative of cleanliness in India. The objective of that programme was to construct the individual sanitary latrines for the personal use of BPL population. The idea was to improve the quality of the rural people and also to provide privacy and dignity […]