Indian Agriculture | Primary Sector Indian Economy

Rainfed Agriculture in India

December 21, 2014

Rain-dependent areas can be broadly split into two: ‘dry lands’, which receive less than 750 mm of rain a year; and rainfed areas, which receive more than 750 mm. Comprising arid and semi-arid ecosystems, dry lands stretch from Gujarat in the west till Eastern Madhya Pradesh; and from Rajasthan...

Agricultural Biosecurity Bill, 2013

December 15, 2013

The inflow of pests/diseases of plants and animals into countries through imports is considered one of the biggest threats to diversity, leading to huge economic losses. All of you must know that the weed Parthenium hysterophorous, called Gajar Ghas is a highly prevalent invasive species in India. This species...

National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture

December 15, 2013

Under the National Action Plan on Climate Change, India has launched a dedicated National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) to define its strategies for climate mitigation and adaptation within the agriculture sector. Emission by Agriculture Sector Agriculture is responsible for around 14% of global emissions. If the emissions from...

National Mission on Food Processing

November 22, 2013

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs in August 2012 had approved a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme titled “National Mission on Food Processing (NMFP)”. This scheme was announced in Union Budget 2012-13. The objective of the scheme is to have a better outreach and to provide more flexibility to suit...

National Dairy Plan

April 21, 2013

In 2012, the UPA government had approved the National Dairy Plan Phase-I for a period of six years from 2011-12 to 2016-17 as a Central Sector Scheme. This plan was launched to cover 14 major milk producing States viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra,...

Minimum Support Price Scheme

April 21, 2013

The Minimum Support Prices were announced by the Government of India for the first time in 1966-67 for Wheat in the wake of the Green Revolution and extended harvest, to save the farmers from depleting profits. Since then, the MSP regime has been expanded to many crops. Minimum Support...

Nutrient Based Subsidy Scheme

September 23, 2012

The government recently said that it plans to appoint an independent agency to assess the price behaviour of crop nutrients after the introduction of nutrient-based subsidy (NBS) scheme in 2010. It’s worth note that there has been unprecedented hike in prices of non-urea fertilisers after the introduction of NBS...

Rubber production: How Brazil lost dominance?

June 11, 2011

Until the turn of the twentieth century Brazil plus countries that share the Amazon basin (i.e. Bolivia, Venezuela and Peru), were the only exporters of natural rubber. Brazil sold almost 90% of the total rubber commercialized in the world. The reason was that the rubber plants were grown only...

Rubber Production in India

June 11, 2011

Commercial cultivation of natural rubber was introduced in India by the British. Although, the experimental efforts to grow rubber on a commercial scale in India were initiated as early as 1873 at the Botanical Gardens, Calcutta; yet the first commercial Hevea plantations in India were established at Thattekadu, in...

Some varieties of Indian Coffee

June 11, 2011

Kents: Kents is the earliest variety of Arabica, selected by an English planter of the same name during the 1920s. This variety remained popular with the planting community till the 1940s, because it was less susceptible to rust. Today, it is grown in a few areas but it is...

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