Pressure Groups and their role in the Polity

Pressure Groups versus Lobbying

Lobbying is a communication process used by members of a pressure group for persuasion. Lobbying is used to influence governmental policy process. It also acts as an instrument that links citizens and decision-makers. Lobbying takes place when a few members of pressure groups loiter in the corridors of power with a view to securing an […]


Role of Pressure Groups in Democracy

Pluralists believe that pressure groups advance the idea of democracy. Elitists claim that the pressure groups underline and weaken the democratic process. The pressure groups promote the democracy by: Supplementing electoral democracy Pluralists argue that the pressure groups may supplement electoral democracy because they keep the government in touch with public opinion between elections. Elections […]

Plurism and Pressure Groups

Pluralism is a theory of the distribution of political power that says that the power is widely and evenly dispersed in society, rather than concentrated in the hands of an elite or ruling class. Thus, the pluralists have a positive view of pressure-group politics, believing that groups promote healthy debate and discussion and that pressure […]

Pressure Groups: Methods of Exerting Influence

There are a variety of ways via which the pressure groups could exert influence. These include – Via Ministers and civil servants, Parliamentary Lobbying, Via Political parties, Raising Public opinion and Direct action. Ministers and civil servants Ministers and Governments consult groups for a variety of reasons such as specialized knowledge and advice to inform […]

Functions of Pressure Groups

Pressure groups carry out a range of functions including Representation, Political participation, Education, Policy formulation, Policy implementation etc. A brief idea about each of them is given below: Representation Pressure groups provide an alternative to the formal representative process or the functional representation by providing mouthpiece for groups and interests that are not adequately represented […]