Indian History

Role of Telegraph in Freedom Struggle of India

December 21, 2014

The telegraph in India was a colonial legacy. The first telegraph line in India was laid by the East India Company in 1850 to connect Kolkata and Diamond Harbour, separated by a distance of only 43 km. As far as its role in India’s freedom struggle is concerned, it...

Pallava Architecture

May 23, 2013

In the beginning of the medieval period, the Kings did not directly patronize the religious shrines and gave only indirect support. Most of the artworks were produced by the guilds of the artists who were actually funded by the villages, traders and and monks.  The tradition of direct patronization...

Pallava Dynasty

May 23, 2013

Pallavas {literally means a branch} were a prominent power in India for more than four centuries between the 6th and 9th centuries. Origin of Pallavas There are no records about Pallavas in the vernacular legends. They were forgotten until a copper plate grant was found in 1840. There are...

Chola Architecture

May 23, 2013

The Chola period saw the culmination of Dravida temple art resulting in the most sophisticated buildings of medieval India.  The Tamil Nadu temples were fully evolved in their style and design by the 8th century. Special Features of the Chola Architecture The dvarapalas, or guardian figures, at the entrance...

Chola

May 23, 2013

As per the traditions, the Chola Country or Cholamandalam was the area bound on the North by the Pennar, South by the Vellaru River, at Eastern Coast of Bay of Bengal from Nellore and Pudukottai to west until Coorg. Its most ancient capital was Uraiyur, near the Trichurapalli in...

Later Cholas

May 23, 2013

From 1070 AD till 1279 AD, is the period assigned to the later Cholas. During this time, the Chola Empire reached its Zenith and became the “Most Powerful Country” of the world. These Cholas colonized the South East Asian Countries and had the most powerful army and navy of...

Medieval Cholas

May 23, 2013

From the Third century AD to 9th Century AD is the interregnum in the Chola History. The Chola hegemony over Pandyas and Cheras was lost after the close of the Sangam Era and south India was disturbed by the predatory activities of the Kalabhras. Kalabras was probably a tribal...

Rajaraja Chola III

May 23, 2013

When Rajaraja Chola III (1216-1256 AD), son of Kulothunga Chola III came into power in July 1216, the Chola Kingdom had reduced to a very small territory compared to the earlier Cholas. In the graphic, the green shaded area shows the territories of Rajaraja Chola III in 1246 AD,...

Kulothunga Chola III

May 23, 2013

Kulothunga Chola III (1178- 1218 AD)was able to crush the Pandyas in Madurai, Cheras of Venad, Hoysalas of Mysore as well as the Sinhala Kings of Sri Lanka. The century took a turn and a Pandya vassal of Chola Empire named Jatavarman Kulasekaran I ascended to the Madura Throne...

Kulotthunga Chola-I

May 23, 2013

Kulotthunga Chola-I (1070 – 1120 AD) Rajendra Chola I, the great Gangaikonda had a daughter named Ammanaga Devi. She had been given in marriage to the Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi king Rajaraja Narendra. The offspring of this union was Rajendra Chola or Rajendra Chalukya who later became Kulotthunga-I. Kulotthunga...

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