Indian Culture and Heritage

Sardar Patel’s views on Secularism

January 17, 2015

Sardar Patel was fully committed to secularism and was a staunch opponent of communalism. Many a times, he publicly declared his commitment to secularism, though he was often criticized for being anti-Muslim and pro-partition. In June 1947, when he was suggested that India should be declared a Hindu state,...

Begum Akhtar

January 13, 2015

Real name of Begum Akhtar was “Akhrati Bai Faizabadi”. She was born in 1914 to a single mother, a tawayaf, in Faizabad, which was capital of Awadh in those times. In the 1920s she acted on Calcutta stage and sang in mehfils. In 1930s she moved to Bombay and...

Ghazal

September 8, 2014

The ghazal is mainly a poetic form than a musical form, but it is more song-like than the thumri. The ghazal is described as the “pride of Urdu poetry”. The ghazal never exceeds 12 shers (couplets) and on an average, ghazals usually have about 7 shers. Even though ghazal began...

Barhut and Sanchi Sculptures

December 17, 2013

After the crumbling of Mauryan dynasty, the Sungas and Kushans came to power in the North and the Satvahanas in the south. Their period marked the beginning of sculptural idiom in the Indian sculpture wherein the physical forms were becoming more realistic, refined and expressive. The sculptors started mastering...

Mauryan Sculpture

December 17, 2013

The Maurya period is marked by an impressive progress in the Indian sculpture. Dr. Ananda Coomarswamy differentiates the Mauryan sculptures into Court art and the Popular Art. The Court art includes the pillars and their capitals while the popular art includes the works of sculptors such as the Yakshas...

Didarganj Yakshini

December 17, 2013

One of the finest examples of popular Mauryan Sculpture is the Yakshi figure from Didarganj, Patna. This is a tall, well built, well-proportioned, free-standing sculpture in sandstone with a polished surface, reflecting the sophistication in the treatment of form and medium. The Yakshini holds a chauri (flywhisk) in the...

Lion Capital

December 17, 2013

Lion Capital at Sarnath The Mauryan pillar capital found at Sarnath popularly known as the Lion Capital, which is now our national symbol, is considered to be the finest example of Mauryan sculptural tradition. The capital originally consisted of five component parts: The shaft, which is broken in many...

Sculpture in Indus Valley Civilization

December 17, 2013

The Indus Valley art forms included sculptures, seals, pottery, gold jewellery, terracotta figures etc. Stone Sculpture In stone, the two most discussed male figures are male torso and the bearded priest. Male Torso The Male torso is a red sandstone figure, which has socket holes in the neck and...

Bengal School of Art

December 17, 2013

Origin of Bengal School of Art In Bengal, a new group of nationalist artists gathered around Abinandranatha Tagore (1871-1951). Abanindranath Tagore was a nephew of Rabindranath Tagore. This new group of painters rejected the art of Raja Ravi Varma as imitative and westernized. They declared that such a style...

Ebrahim Alkazi

December 17, 2013

Ebrahim Alkazi is one of the pioneers of Indian theatre. He is considered as one of the most influential Indian theatre directors of all time. Initially, he was associated with the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group and got in close contact with art pioneers like M.F.Husain, F.N.Souza, S.H.Raza, Akbar Padamsee,...

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