There has been a common myth that India produces more food grains than fruits & vegetables. The fact is that fruits & vegetables are grown more than food grains in India. In 2012-13, food grain production was 257 million tonnes but the total horticulture production was 268.9 Million Tonnes. Over the last decade, the area
With 415 Lakh tonnes production; India is third largest producer of Potato after China and Russia. Top potato producing states of India are Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and West Bengal. Most of the varietries of Potato grown in India currently havce been developed by Central Potato Research Institute, Kufri (Himachal Pradesh) so
With some 54 Lakh tonnes of Papaya production every year; India is world’s largest producer of this fruit. The largest Papaya producing states include Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh & Maharashtra. Three notable varieties of Papaya include Pusa Delicious, Pusa Dwarf and Pusa Nanha. However, India’s share in Papaya exports is minimal.
India produced some 180 Lakh tonnes of Mango with major production in Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Bihar. There are hundreds of varieties of Mango in India which include Alphonso; Banganapalli; Bombay Green; Chausa; Dashehari; Fazli; Gulab Khas; Himsagar; Kesar; Kishen Bhog; Langra; Mankurad; Neelum; Pairi; Totapuri; Mulgoa; Imam Pasand; Suvernarekha; Van raj; Zardalu;
India produces around 6 Lakh tonnes of Litchi mainly in Bihar, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and Jharkhand. Bihar alone accounts for nearly half of the country’s total litchi output. This is one of the fruits of India whose domestic marketing as well as export potential are yet to be tapped. We note here that some Litchi
Around 25 Lakh tonnes of grapes are produced in India every year. The top Grapes producing states include Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Mizoram. The most grown variety of grapes is Thompson Seedless and its clones. The grapes varieties which have been given GI protection are Nashik Grapes and Bangalore Blue Grapes.
India produces around 29 Lakh tonnes of Orange every year. Top orange producing states of India are Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra Rajasthan, Assam and Karnataka. The major varieties of Orange produced in India include Coorg mandarin, Khasi mandarin, Nagpur mandarin and Kinnow. Coorg Orange, Nagpur Orange and Arunachal Wackro Orange have been given
With an annual production of 265 Lakh tonnes; Banana is most produced fruit of India. Main Banana producing states are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Assam and Madhya Pradesh. Key varieties of Banana include Dwarf Cavendish; Robusta; Rasthali; Poovan; Nendran; Red Banana; Karpurvalli; Pachanadan; Virupakshi etc. Further, five varieties of Banana have
Papaya is the fruit of the plant Carica papaya, which is native to Southern Mexico and Central America, but has long been known and cultivated in the home gardens of people in tropical and sub-tropical areas. It is one of the few crops that bear fruit throughout the year, offering quick return on investments. Papaya