Money

Anything that can be generally acceptable as payment for goods and services or settlement of debts is Money. It is the element of confidence that others will accept it as a payment is what gives the purchasing power to money. The major functions of money are: It a medium of exchange Its a unit of […]

Marginal Standing Facility

Marginal Standing Facility is a new Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) window created by Reserve Bank of India in its credit policy of May 2011.  MSF is the rate at which the banks are able to borrow overnight funds from RBI against the approved government securities. The question is – Banks are already able to borrow […]

Reverse Repo Rate

Reverse repo rate is the rate of interest at which the RBI borrows funds from other banks in the short term . This is done by RBI selling government bonds / securities to banks with the commitment to buy them back at a future date. The banks use the reverse repo facility to deposit their […]

Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)

Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) is the primary instrument of Reserve Bank of India for modulating liquidity and transmitting interest rate signals to the market. It refers to the difference between the two key rates viz. repo rate and reverse repo rate. Informally, Liquidity Adjustment Facility is also known as Liquidity Corridor. When LAF was introduced? On […]

Open Market Operations

Open Market Operations refer to the purchase and sale of the Government securities (G-Secs) by RBI from / to market. The objective of Open Market Operations is to adjust the rupee liquidity conditions in the economy on a durable basis. When RBI sells government security in the markets, the banks purchase them. When the banks […]

How RBI regulates Foreign Banks ?

On February 28, 2005, RBI had released a road map for the presence of foreign banks in India. This was the first ever documented policy on foreign banks in India. This road map suggested two phases. During the first phase between March 2005 to March 2009; the foreign banks were allowed to operate in India […]

How RBI regulates Commercial Banks?

One of the most important functions of RBI is to work as regulator and supervisor of financial system. The financial system in India includes Commercial Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Local Area Banks, Cooperative Banks, Financial Institutions including Development Financial Institutions (DFIs) and Non-Banking Financial Companies. RBI derives its regulating powers for Indian Banking System from […]

RBI as Banker of Banks

RBI is bank of all banks in India. As a banker of banks, RBI: Enables smooth and swift clearing and settlements of inter-bank transactions Provides efficient means of funds transfer for all banks Enables banks to maintain their accounts with RBI for statutory reserve requirements and maintenance of transaction balances Acts as lender of last […]

Ways and Means Advances

RBI works as a banker to the State Governments by agreement. But there is no fixed minimum reserve balance for the State Governments. All state Governments are required to maintain a minimum reserve balance with RBI, but it depends upon the size of the economy of the state and its budget. However, there are times, when there […]

Role of RBI as Banker & Debt Manager to the Government

In 1935, Reserve Bank of India, on its inception became the Banker and Debt Manager to the Government and this is a very important function. As per the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934, the Central Government entrusts the Reserve Bank with all its money, remittance, exchange and banking transactions in India and the management of […]