Ethics & Integrity

Probity in Governance

March 29, 2015

Probity (Satyanishtha in Hindi) literally means a complete and confirmed integrity; having strong moral principles. Every day, we hear and talk about probity in public life. We expect our political leaders and bureaucrats to be transparent in their dealings. Their alleged misdeeds, scandals and scams are publicized...

Mill’s utilitarianism

March 28, 2015

John Stuart Mill proposed a theory contrast to Kantianism. According to Mill, an action is good if it benefits someone; an action is bad if it harms someone. This ethical theory, is called utilitarianism, is based upon the Principle of Utility, also called the Greatest Happiness Principle....

Kant’s Categorical Imperative

March 28, 2015

Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804) was a German philosopher and is considered one of the central figures in modern philosophy. Kantianism Kant believed that people’s actions should to be guided by moral laws, and that these moral laws were universal. He held that in order to apply to all rational...

Plato’s cardinal virtues

March 28, 2015

According to the old Greek thinkers, there are in all seven virtues of which four are called Cardinal Virtues while rest three are called Theological virtues. The “Cardinal” ones are those which all civilised people recognise. The “Theological” are those which, as a rule, only Christians know...

Contemporary Bureaucratic Paradigm

March 26, 2015

The Weber’s bureaucratic paradigm features the ideas of authority, responsibility, efficiency and control. Barzelay sets forth an alternative to the bureaucratic paradigm which is known as contemporary-bureaucratic paradigm which includes the concepts of customers, service, quality, value, flexibility, innovation, empowerment and continuous improvement.Key influence to the rise...