Environment GK

Depletion of Ozone Layer

October 7, 2016

Ozone or Trioxygen is an allotrope of oxygen that is much less stable than the diatomic allotrope (O2),  paramagnetic compared to the diamagnetic O2; and is present in low concentration in atmosphere. At ground level, it has harmful effects on the respiratory systems of animals. However, in upper atmosphere,...

14th Finance Commission and Environment

February 11, 2016

Aiming to increase forest cover of India the 14th Finance Commission for the first time has recast its fiscal transfer formula, according to it the share of central tax revenues will be distributed between the 29 states on how much forest they have maintained. For this an annual forest...

Ice-minus bacteria

January 9, 2012

Ice-minus bacteria is a GM bacterium Pseudomonas syringae (P. syringae). The “ice-plus” protein found on the outer bacterial cell wall acts as the nucleating centers for ice crystals. This facilitates ice formation, hence the designation “ice-plus.” The ice-minus variant of P. syringae is a mutant, lacking the gene responsible...

GloFish fluorescent fish

January 9, 2012

The GloFish is a patented GM zebrafish with bright red, green, orange-yellow, blue, and purple fluorescent colors. It is one of the first genetically modified animals to become publicly available as a pet. The fish is originally the Zebrafish, a native of rivers in India and Bangladesh. A gene...

Flavr Savr

January 9, 2012

Flavr Savr is a Genetically modified tomato, was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption. It was first sold in 1994, and was only available for a few years before production ceased in 1997. It was developed by a company called...

Vistive Gold

January 9, 2012

Vistive Gold is the trade name of GM Soyabean MON 87705, developed by Monsanto. MON 87705 was designed for as a replacement for hydrogenated oils and fats, which are high in trans-fatty acids. The decreased linolenic content allows MON 87705 to have favorable characteristics for deep frying and increasing...

Golden Rice

January 9, 2012

Golden rice is a variety of GM rice produced to biosynthesize beta-carotene, a precursor of pro-vitamin A in the edible parts of rice, to be used as a fortified food to be grown in areas where there is a shortage of dietary vitamin A. In 2005 a new variety...

Amflora Potato

January 9, 2012

Amflora Potato is a GM Potato intended for industrial applications as potato starch which is better than the natural starch currently used. Natural potato starch is used for papermaking and other applications, and contains two constituent substances: amylopectin (80%), which is useful for industry, and amylose (20%) which often...

MON 809, MON 810, MON 863

January 9, 2012

MON 809 MON 809 is an Insect Resistant maize under license from Monsanto Company. Small amounts of the introduced proteins, CryIA(b) and CP4 EPSPS are present in leaves, seeds and roots of line MON 809 but, not in the pollen. Hybrids derived from MON 809 are agronomically similar to...

Enviropig

January 9, 2012

Enviropig contains genes from mice and E coli bacteria which have been inserted into their DNA with absolute precision. Unlike normal pigs, Enviropigs have been designed to produce their own phytase. Enviropigs are able to absorb more phosphorous from its feed. Their wastes contained less of the potentially toxic...

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