We have read that in 2010, as part of the Minimal Genome Project, a team of the J. Craig Venter Institute synthesized a modified version of the 1,000,000 base pair Mycoplasma mycoides genome and implanted it into a DNA-free bacterial shell of Mycoplasma capricolum; the resulting organism was shown to be self-replicating, known as Mycoplasma ..
Branches of biology: GK, General Studies and Current Affairs
Researchers at the University of Minnesota discovered a natural preservative: “Bisin. The food-preservative properties of bisin could lead to food products that resist spoilage for years. It could spell the end of rotting food. The preservative can extend the food’s life for several years. Bisin is a naturally occurring lantibiotic (an anti-bacterial peptide) discovered by ..
Recently, researchers in the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore engineered a strain of E. Coli that can detect signs of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a leading cause of infection that can be fatal to patients with weak immune systems. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a hospital superbug resistant to antibiotics. This specially designed bacteria produces a toxin that is ..
As per a World Bank Study published in February 2011, Indians and inhabitants of the South Asian Countries are very prone to heart attacks and suffer their first heart attack six years earlier than other groups worldwide. The age for first heart attack in Indians versus others was 53 vs 59 years. Indians also had ..
Hydrophobia or Rabies:Rabies or hydrophobia is a viral neuroinvasive disease that causes acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in warm-blooded animals. It is zoonotic (i.e. transmitted by domesticated / stray animals), most commonly by a bite from an infected animal, but occasionally by other forms of contact. It is fatal if left untreated. In some ..