Bacterial Diseases: GK, General Studies and Current Affairs

1961-75 Cholera Pandemic

In light of the increasing death toll from the COVID-19 pandemic, other pandemics that affected India are being discussed. El Tor Strain The cholera pandemic of 1961 was caused by a particular strain of Vibrio cholerae bacteria, called the El Tor strain. It was identified in Sinai Peninsula in El Tor of Egypt, in pilgrims ..

Scheme to screen all Children for Leprosy and TB

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has rolled out a programme for universal screening of children below 18 years for leprosy and tuberculosis (TB). About the Scheme Under the scheme, an estimated 25 crore children and adolescents will be screened annually for leprosy and TB and put on treatment if required. The Rashtriya ..

Researchers at IIT Guwahati develop portable device to detect bacteria without cell culture or microbiological assays

The researchers at IIT Guwahati have developed a low-cost portable device to detect bacteria without cell culture or microbiological assays. The hand-held device with bio-compatible sensor can also diagnose time-critical illnesses such as meningitis. The bacterial infection is a common cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Despite the development of a range of ..

ESKAPE

ESKAPE is an acronym standing for bacterial pathogens commonly associated with antimicrobial resistance. ESKAPE is group of pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species). ESKAPE pathogens are considered the leading cause of nosocomial (hospitalborn) and hospital acquired infections throughout the world. Two, an Indian company, Bangalore-based Bugworks Research, has ..

Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP)

It is an indigenous vaccine for leprosy, developed by National Institute of Immunology. This vaccine is to be administered to those living in close contact with infected people. MIP is now being introduced into the National Leprosy Elimination Programme (NLEP) It is also the first vaccine on leprosy and has shown capability to bring down ..