History of Ancient India

Aditya (Vedic Period)

January 30, 2012

In the early Vedic times the Adityas were six, or more frequently seven, celestial deities, of whom Varuna was chief; consequently he was called the Aditya. Adityas were the sons of Aditi. Aditi, though had eight sons, yet she approached the gods with seven, having cast away the eighth,...

Satavahana Empire

January 12, 2012

Satavahana followed the Mauryas in Deccan of India. Satavahana dynasty ruled from Pune in Maharastra to Coastal Andhra Pradesh in the second century BC onwards. This dynasty was built up on the ruins of the Maurya Empire and around 1st century AD, they were the most prominent in the Modern...

Kanishka I

January 9, 2012

Kanishka-I was the most power ruler of the Kushana Empire and is known for his military prowess. His main capital was Purushpura (Peshawar) and regional capitals were Taxila (Pakistan) , Begram (Afghanistan) and Mathura (India). His date of accession is disputed. However, most sources agree that Kanishka was the...

Kushana Empire

January 9, 2012

As per the Chinese sources, the Kushanas (mentioned in Chinese texts as Guishuang) were one of the 5 tribes of Yueh-Chi or Yuezhi. Kushanas were also known as Tocharians. They were nomadic tribes and easternmost speakers of the Indo-Europeans Languages which were called “Tocharian languages”. Their origin is connected to China and also...

Indo-Parthian Kingdom

January 9, 2012

Indo-parthian kingdom is also known as Gondopharid Dynasty. This dynasty ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India, during the 1st century AD. Parthians were some Iranian tribes and in this tribe, the kings assumed the title Gondophares. Gondophares-I Gondophares-I seems to be the first rulers. Since the Parthians lived with...

Satrap System of Ancient Sakas in India

January 9, 2012

The pressure from the Parthians (Iranians) and later from Kushanas, the Shakas got divided into 5 branches with their different seats of power at different places in modern Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan. These rulers were known as satraps and Mahasatraps. Thus Shakas are known to have proliferated the Satrpa...

Sakas Rulers of Ancient India

January 9, 2012

The indo-Greek rule in India was primarily destroyed by the Sakas. Sakas were the Scythians, which refer to ancient Iranian people of horse-riding nomadic pastoralists. In Sanskrit they are referred as Sakas. The 2nd century BC saw an upheaval in the Central Asia. The invasion by the Central Asian...

Indo-Greek Rulers of Ancient India

January 9, 2012

We should know that during the last two centuries of BC era, Northwest and northern Indian subcontinent was ruled by more than 30 Hellenistic kings. The knowledge about these has been attained via the coins issued by them. The areas under these Hellenistic Kings were Taxila, Pakistan’s, Punjab Pushkalavati...

Mahameghavahans of Kalinga

January 9, 2012

After the decline of Mauryas, Kalinga rose to power around 1st century BC in the area of modern Odisha. We best know about the Third ruler of this dynasty, named ” Kharvela”. Kharvela is known to have revived the past glory of Kalinga. Kharvela (209-170 BC) King Kharvela belged...

Kanva dynasty

January 9, 2012

The last ruler of the Shunga Dynasty was killed by Vasudeva Kanva. The Kanvas were Brahmins and considered themselves as descendents from Rishi Kanva. Vasudeva killed Devabhuti in around 72 BC and this is also testified by Harchacharita. At the time of Vasudeva Kanva’s accession, the Shunga kingdom was...

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