World Heritage Day – Update (April, 2022)

On the 18th of April every year, World Heritage Day is celebrated across the world. This day is also known as the International Day for Monuments and Sites.

Overview:

  • This day is observed to generate awareness about the importance of Heritage.
  • This day also promotes ways to preserve and protect heritage across the world.

The theme of World Heritage Day 2022

The theme for this year’s World Heritage Day is ‘Heritage and Climate’. The theme of this year promotes heritage conservation practices and research with the aim of delivering pathways that are climate-resilient to strengthen sustainable development while advocating for low-carbon futures.

History of this day

In the year 1982, International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) first floated the idea of observing International Day for Monuments and Sites with the aim of promoting awareness about cultural heritage, their vulnerability and the efforts that are required for their conservation. Later the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in its 22nd General Conference in 1983 adopted the resolution. Since then, this day has been observed annually across the world.

About World Heritage Sites that are present in India

In India, there are a total of 3691 sites and monuments. 40 among those have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Some of the designated sites are the Ajanta Caves, Taj Mahal, and Ellora Caves. Natural sites like the Kaziranga National Park in Assam has also been included among World Heritage Sites.

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