What is One Health Joint Plan of Action (OH JPA)?

The One Health Joint Plan of Action (OH JPA) was unveiled by the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and World Organisation for Animal Health.

Key facts

  • The Joint Plan of Action aims to integrate systems and boost capacity to collectively prevent, predict, detect and respond to the global health crisis.
  • This is the first-of-its-kind plan that seeks to implement One Health Approach at all levels.
  • It will enhance the health of humans, animals, plants, and the environment and promote sustainable development.
  • It will address challenges such as ecosystem degradation, food system failures, infectious diseases, and antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
  • The action plan will be implemented from 2022 to 2026 to address health challenges at the international, regional, and national levels.
  • Its key focus areas are One Health capacity for health systems; emerging and re-emerging zoonotic epidemics; endemic zoonotic; neglected tropical and vector-borne disease; anti-microbial resistance and the environment; and food safety risks.
  • Its objectives include mainstreaming of One Health approach, providing technical and legislative advice to help set up national goals and priorities, promoting collaboration, and exchanging knowledge on One Health.

What is One Health Approach?

One Health Approach recognizes the interdependence of humans, domestic and wild animals, and the wider environment. It is the integrated and unifying approach that seeks to balance the health of people, animals, and the environment. It will increase the ability of the global community to prevent, predict, detect and respond to health crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The approach involves the mobilization of multiple sectors, disciplines, and communities at various levels of society to recognize the root causes of complex issues and create long-term and sustainable solutions. It integrates the capabilities of public healthcare system, veterinary health, and environmental sectors at all levels. It will help boost food and water safety, nutritional security, pollution management, and combat antimicrobial resistance.

 

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