What is National Green Tribunal?

National Green Tribunal is a statutory body established by a Government Notification using the powers of Section 3 of the NGT Act 2010. It has replaced National Environment Appellate Authority.


The objective of establishing a National Green Tribunal was as follows:

  • To provide effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment.
  • Giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property
  • Other Related Matters.
Chairperson and Members of NGT
  • It has a full time chairperson and following members:
  • At least 10 and maximum 20 Full time Judicial members
  • At least 10 and maximum 20 Full time Expert Members
Qualification for Chairperson
  • The person should have been either a Judge of India’s Supreme Court or Chief Justice of a High Court in India.
Qualification for Judicial member
  • A Judge of Supreme Court of India, Chief Justice of High Court, Judge of a High Court
Qualification for Expert members
  • Either a degree in Master of Science (in physical sciences or life sciences) with a Doctorate degree or Master of Engineering or Master of Technology
  • Or an experience of fifteen years in the relevant field and administrative experience of fifteen years in Central or a State Government or in a reputed National or State level institution.
  • Post retirement jobs
  • Once retired, the chairman or judicial members can not take up any job related to matters of this tribunal for at least 2 years.
Other Notes
  • Appointment of members is done by Central Government.
  • Chairperson of NGT is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
  • Judicial Members and Expert Members ofthe Tribunal are appointed on the recommendations of such Selection Committee.
  • Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Member hold office for 5 years.
  • Maximum age of the chairman 70 years if he has been a Supreme Court Judge and 67 years, if he has been a high court judge.
  • Chairperson can be removed from his office via an order made by the Central Government after an inquiry made by a Judge of the Supreme Court in which such Chairperson or Judicial Member has been informed of the charges against him and given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of those charges.

The National Green Tribunal has jurisdiction over all civil cases where a substantial question relating to environment (including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment), is involved and such question arises out of the implementation of the enactments specified in Schedule I of the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. The acts listed in Schedule 1 are:

  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
  • The Water (Prevention and Control o[Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
  • The Forest (Conservation) Act,
  • The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
  • The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986;
  • The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;
  • The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.

It would deal with all environmental laws on air and water pollution, the Environment Protection Act, the Forest Conservation Act and the Biodiversity Act.


Latest E-Books


  • Anonymous

    headed by Lokeshwar Singh Pandey

  • Anonymous

    its lokeshwar singh panta


    Thank u so much