Ukraine Crisis: No-fly Zone

A no-fly zone is an area established by a military power over which unauthorized aircrafts are not allowed to fly.

About No-fly Zone

  • It is also known as no-flight zone (NFZ) or air exclusion zone (AEZ). No-fly zones are generally established by a nation in an enemy nation’s territory during a conflict or war.
  • No-fly zone aims to prevent the operation of enemy nation’s aircraft in the region. After the imposition of a no-fly zone by a country, generally, military personnel are deployed to enforce it and also for surveillance purposes. To prevent violations, a country may even resort to preemptive attacks on aircrafts.
  • No-fly zone was earlier set up during the 1991 Gulf War in Iraq, civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1993-95), and the 2011 Civil war in Libya.
  • However, no-fly zones are not just permitted to the military context. They can be even established for civilian purposes. For example, it was set up during Olympic Games held in London in 2012.

Russia- Ukraine war

In the wake of the attack on the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant of Ukraine, by the Russian forces, Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy asked western nations to consider setting up no-fly zones. This is to protect civilians and also prevent a nuclear accident. However, NATO nations repeatedly rejected the demand to impose a no-fly zone, because of the dangers of escalation of the war.

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