Sarmat: Russia’s Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

Amidst harsh sanctions imposed by the West due to the Ukraine invasion, Russia has tested its new Inter Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) Sarmat on 20th April 2022.

Overview:

  • This was ICBM Sarmat’s first test launch after the launch was in 2021.
  • The test was earlier pushed to December 2021 and then later to April 2022.
  • The ICBM was from Plesetsk in Russia’s North-West.
  • The target was set in the Kamchatka peninsula which is around 6,000 km away.
  • Before being inducted into the Russian army, the missile will be undergoing five more test launches in 2022.

Knowledge about developing an ICBM

Russia has been developing a new ICBM to replace the older ones and an announcement regarding this was made by President Vladimir Putin in 2018. By the end of 2022, a regiment will be fully armed with Sarmat ICBM will be operational.

About the missile

The RS-28 Sarmat whose NATO name is Satan-II is able to carry a minimum of ten decoys and warheads. It has the capability of firing over either pole of the earth and has a range of 11,000 to 18,000 km. This missile will also be posing a challenge to the western powers’ ground-and-satellite-based radar tracking systems. Each of the ten warheads is a Multiple Independently-Targetable Re-entry Vehicle with a blast yield of.75 MT. The Sarmat will be Russia’s first ICBM that can carry smaller hypersonic boost-glide vehicles. These are hard to intercept as they are manoeuvrable. This ICBM is much more lethal than the R-36M Voyevoda ICBMs (NATO name Satan) as it has upgraded guidance systems, electronic countermeasures, and alternative warhead carrying capacity. This ICBM is a liquid-fuelled missile as compared to the ones that are used by the US.

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