Sample Registration System (SRS) Statistical Report 2020
The Sample Registration System (SRS) Statistical Report 2020 was released recently by the Registrar General of India (RGI).
- The SRS Statistical Report 2020 revealed that there is a significant decline in infant mortality rate (IMR), Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR), Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) in India since 2014 and the country is currently in line towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.
- The Infant Mortality Rate has declined by 2 points to 28 per 1,000 live births in 2020 from 30 per 1,000 live births in 2019. The annual rate of decline is 6.7 per cent. The rural-urban difference has been reduced to 12 points.
- Under 5 mortality rate for females is higher than males. There was a decrease of 4 points in male U5MR and 3 points in female U5MR.
- Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka achieved the highest decline of U5MR of 5 points.
- The Neonatal Mortality Rate fell by 2 points from 22 per 1,000 live births in 2019 to 20 per 1,000 live births in 2020. This is an annual decline of 9.1 per cent.
- Six states and union territories have already attained UN SDG targets of NMR of less than 12 deaths per 1,000 live births by 2030.
- These include Kerala (4), Delhi (9), Tamil Nadu (9), Maharashtra (11), Jammu and Kashmir (12) and Punjab (12).
- 11 states have achieved the UN SDG target of U5MR of less than 25 deaths per 1,000 live births by 2030. The achievers are Kerala (8), Tamil Nadu (13), Delhi (14), Maharashtra (18), J&K (17), Karnataka (21), Punjab (22), West Bengal (22), Telangana (23), Gujarat (24), and Himachal Pradesh (24).
About SDG 3.2
The SDG 3.2 seeks to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under the age of 5. Countries are currently looking to reduce neonatal mortality to at least 12 deaths per 1,000 live births and under 5 mortality rate to at least 25 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Registrar General of India
The Registrar General of India was founded in 1961 to conduct and assess results obtained from demographic survey in the country, including the Census of India and the Linguistic Survey of India. This office comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
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