International Education Day

The International Day of Education is observed on January 24, annually.

Key Points

  • Year 2022 marked the fourth year of celebration.
  • The day was observed with the theme– ‘Changing Course, Transforming Education’.
  • Celebration took place at the UN Headquarters in New York, Expo 2022 in Dubai, Global Minnesota and Harvard University Graduate School of Education.

History of the day

The International Education Day was proclaimed by “United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)” in December 2018. It was proclaimed to mark the significance of education in ensuring peace and development.

UNGA resolution

The resolution to observe ‘International Day of Education’ was authored by 59 member states. It demonstrated the unwavering political will for supporting transformative actions for equitable, inclusive, and quality education for all.

Significance of Education

Education is a tool, which can be employed to ensure progress and growth. However, access to this tool is deeply unequal. Covid-19 pandemic has increased this divide. Education has suffered a huge gap amid the pandemic because of closure of universities, schools, and other educational institutions and it required a shift towards online mode.

National Education Day

India celebrates National Education Day on November 11, every year. The day mark the birth anniversary of first Education Minister of India, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)

UNGA is one among the six principal organs of United Nations (UN), serving as the main policymaking, and representative organ of the UN. The powers, composition, procedures and functions of UNGA are set out in Chapter IV of the United Nations Charter. It is responsible for the UN budget. UNGA is the only UN organ, where all the member states have equal representation.

Members of UNGA

All the 193 members of UN are members of UNGA, besides Holy See and Palestine as observer states. UNGA may grant observer status to an entity or international organization. Observer status entitles them to participate in work of UNGA, though with limitations.

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