BIS Performance standards for EV batteries

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has created performance standards for batteries being used in electric vehicles, after the recurring incidents of fire.

Key Facts

  • BIS has released standard test specifications for lithium-ion traction battery packs and systems (performance testing) for the vehicles.
  • Standard IS 17855:2022 was created for these battery packs and systems has been harmonised with ISO 12405-4: 2018.
  • BIS is also in process to publish two more standards for batteries, that will be used in electric goods and passenger carrying vehicles.

IS 17855:2022 standard

IS 17855:2022 standard has been formulated after considering real-life scenarios for the electric vehicle, such as parked vehicle, battery running at low & high temperatures, and battery system shipped (stored). This standard also incorporates test procedure for basic performance characteristics, electrical functionality and reliability, for battery packs and system for either high energy application of high-power application.

Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles operate on rechargeable batteries and electric motor. Safety and performance are two critical aspects of these vehicles. Requirements of battery systems as a power source for propulsion of vehicles are different from batteries used for electronics or stationary use. In the past decade, EVs have increased with respect to visibility and availability in market.

Fire incidents in electric two-wheeler

Union Road Transport and highways Ministry has tasked the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), to investigating electric two-wheeler fire incidents. These defects occurred as electric two-wheeler manufacturers such as Pure EV, Jitendra Electric Vehicles, Okinawa Autotech, Boom Motors and Ola Electric may have used “lower-grade materials to cut costs”.

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

BIS is the National Standards Body of India, working under Department of Consumer affairs of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution. BIS was established by Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016. The Minister in charge of Ministry is the ex-officio President of BIS.

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