Previous Years Based SSC GK (General Knowledge) MCQs
[B] Jayaprakash Narayan
[C] Vinoba Bhave
[D] Jawaharlal Nehru
Vinayak Narahari Vinoba Bhave was an Indian advocate of nonviolence and human rights. Often called Acharya he is best known for the Bhoodan Movement. Bhave started his land donation movement at Pochampally of nalgonda district Telangana. He took donated land from land owner Indians and gave it away to the poor and landless, for them to cultivate.
[C] Arched openings
[D] Decoration figures
Fine arts, primarily architecture, made progress during the period of the Delhi Sultanate. The architecture of the period of the Sultanate can be divided into three categories for the sake of convenience. First is the Delhi or the Imperial style of architecture which grew under the patronage of Sultans of Delhi. It includes all those buildings which were constructed by different Sultans. The other is provincial style of architecture which grew under the patronage of provincial ruling dynasties which were mostly Muslims.
• Corbelled arches are constructed by laying stone blocks on top of each other
• The facade was decorated with Arabic calligraphy and vegetal motifs
• They used limestone, brick and plaster
[B] Gandhiji was arrested for five years
[C] Government accepted the demands of Indian leaders
[D] People were not supporting this movement
The Chauri Chaura incident occurred at Chauri Chaura in the Gorakhpur district of the Uttar Pradesh on 5 February 1922. A large group of protesters, participating in the Non-cooperation movement, clashed with police, who opened fire. The incident led to the deaths of three civilians and 22 policemen. Mahatma Gandhi, who was strictly against violence, halted the non co-operation movement on the national level on 12 February 1922, as a direct result of this incident.
[B] Communal award
[C] Coming of Simon Commission
[D] Quit India Movement
Despite much opposition, the Rowlatt Act was passed in March 1919. The purpose of the act was to curb the growing nationalist upsurge in the country. It gave the government enormous power to repress political activities and allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years. Mahatma Gandhi wanted non-violent civil disobedience against such unjust laws
[B] Social relevance of education to society
[C] Demand of separate institutions for minorities
[D] Compulsory military training for every student
The Wardha scheme of Education, popularly known as ‘Basic education’ occupies a unique place in the field of elementary education in India. This scheme was the first attempt to develop an indigenous scheme of education in British India by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our nation. According to Gandhi, education is the realization of the best in man – body, soul and spirit. He maintained that education must be based on ethics and morality. Ethics and morality are integral to Gandhi’s life. All his thoughts, actions and speeches are based on these two concepts.
[B] The general administrative body consisted of two categories of rulers
[C] Main items of administration were in the hands of local kings and rest were in the hands of British rulers
[D] Some portions of land were ruled by the local kings and rest by the British rulers
The Dual System of Government in Bengal was the brainchild of Lord Clive. Dual Government means double system of administration. In this system, the power is divided into two: the administrative power, and the revenue collection power. While the former is given to the native rulers, the british have taken charge of the latter.
[B] Attacks of Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali
[C] Revolts of various communities like Jats, Sikhs, Rajputs, etc.
[D] All of the above mentioned factors contributed to the downfall of the Mughal Empire
The death of Aurangzeb in 1707 A.D. marked the end of the glory of the Mughal empire. The Mughal authority was challenged by several chiefs and Rajas at different places. The Marathas, the Rajputs and the Sikhs resisted the Mughal power simply to gain independence. The nobles took advantage of the weakness of the Empire by carving out independent kingdoms for themselves. The later Mughul monarchs were primarily responsible for the decay, disintegration and collapse of the Empire though, certainly, other factors also contributed towards it.
[B] Use of copper
[C] Domestication of animals
The term Neolithic Period refers to the last stage of the Stone Age when cereal cultivation and animal domestication was introduced. Towards the end of the Neolithic era, copper metallurgy is introduced, which marks a transition period to the Bronze Age, sometimes referred to as the Chalcolithic or Eneolithic Era.
[B] The people of India to give treatment of equality to the untouchables
[C] Untouchability to be declared a crime under law
[D] A social revolution to create a society based on equality
Believing that untouchability is a religious issue, Gandhi sought to abolish the custom of untouchability not the caste system. He considered untouchability as blight on the Hindu world. Based on the philosophy that all human beings are equal and Harijans along with everyone else had a right to enjoy society.
[B] Re-emergence of Jainism
[C] Fourth Buddhist Council at Srinagar
[D] Gandhara School of Art
The Kushana period saw a great resurgence of Buddhism in Kashmir, especially during the reign of Kanishka. The fourth Buddhist Council was held in Kashmir, under the presidency of Katyayaniputra, in Kanishka’s time. The south Indian Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna lived in Kashmir during the Kushana period.