Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

81. Which of the following ministries release the India State of Forest Report (ISFR)?

[A] The Ministry for Environment, Forests and Climate Change
[B] Ministry of Agriculture.
[C] Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
[D] Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.

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82. Which of the following are unattached organisms which live at the airwater interface such as floating plants?

[A] Neuston
[B] Periphyton
[C] Plankton
[D] Nekton

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83. Which of the following are the functions of Wetlands?
1) Water purification
2) Control rate of runoff in urban areas
3) Source of livelihood to local people
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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84. Which of the following statement is/are correct regarding the objectives of the National Wetlands Conservation Programme?
1) To lay down policy guidelines for the conservation and management of wetlands.
2) To provide financial assistance for undertaking intensive conservation measures in the identified wetlands.
3) To prepare an inventory of Indian wetlands.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 1 & 3
[C] Only 2 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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85. Which of the following statements are correct with respect to mangroves?
1. In mangroves leaves are thick and contain salt secreting glands.
2. The trees of mangroves exhibit viviparity mode of reproduction. i.e. seeds germinate in the tree itself.
3. Adventitious roots which emerge from the main trunk of a tree above ground level are known as stilt roots.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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86. Which of the following whales can be easily identified by the white calluses on their heads?

[A] Humpback Whale
[B] Antarctic Minke Whales
[C] North Atlantic Right Whale
[D] None of the above

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87. What is the IUCN status of pig-tailed snub-nose langur?

[A] Critically Endangered
[B] Endangered
[C] Threatened
[D] Extinct

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88. Which of the following statements are correct about Atelopus balios?
1. It is a species of toad which belongs to the family Bufonidae. 
2. It is endemic to southwestern Ecuador.
3. It is also known as the Rio Pescado stubfoot toad.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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89. The ‘Aichi Targets’ were adopted by which of the following?

[A] Convention on Biological Diversity
[B] The Johannesburg Summit
[C] Local Agenda 21
[D] None of the above

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90. Which of the following declares the World Heritage Sites?

[A] UNICEF
[B] UNESCO
[C] UN
[D] UNCTAD

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