Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

81. Due to which of the following reasons the Loktak lake, Manipur was included on the Montreux Record in 1993?
1) An infestation of water hyacinth
2) The construction of a hydroelectric power plant.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2

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82. Which of the following statements are correct regarding a healthy estuary?
1. A healthy estuary supports a host of plants and animals.
2. A healthy estuary stores and recycles nutrients, traps sediment and forms a buffer between coastal catchments and the marine environment.
3. Estuaries support diverse habitats, such as mangroves, salt marshes, sea-grass, mudflats etc.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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83. Which of the following statement is correct regarding Coral reefs?
1) There are two types of corals: hard corals and soft corals
2) Only soft corals build reefs.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2

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84. Which of the following whales can be easily identified by the white calluses on their heads?

[A] Humpback Whale
[B] Antarctic Minke Whales
[C] North Atlantic Right Whale
[D] None of the above

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85. Which of the following statements are correct about Valencia letourneuxi?
1. It is a species of fish found in Albania and Greece.
2. It lives in rivers, freshwater marshes, freshwater spring, and coastal saline lagoons.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2

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86. Which of the following were the consequences of Earth Submit held in 1992?
1. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
2. Agenda 21
3. Forest Principles
4. Environmental laws
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 1, 2 & 3
[C] Only 1, 3 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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87. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Local Agenda 21?
1. All national and state governments have legislated or advised that local authorities take steps to implement the plan locally, as recommended in Chapter 28 of the document.
2. Such programmes are often referred to as ‘Local Agenda 21’ or ‘LA21’.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2

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88. Which of the following were the objectives of Convention on Biological Diversity?
1. Conservation of biodiversity.
2. Sustainable use of the components of biodiversity.
3. Sharing the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable manner.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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89. Which of the following statements are correct about Nagoya Protocol?
1. Contracting Parties are to cooperate in cases of alleged violation of another contracting party’s requirements.
2. Contraction parties should take measures to monitor the utilization of genetic resources after they leave a country.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2

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90. Which of the following statements are correct regarding CITES?
1) CITES – The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
2) It entered into force in 1985.
3) Currently, 176 countries are Parties to CITES.
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] Only 3

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