Internet - Evolution

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4. The first ARPANET link was established between the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and the Stanford Research Institute.


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5. ARPANET stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. It was the first network to implement the TCP/IP protocol suite.


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6. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network or as it is called as ARPANET was an early packet-switching network and the first network to implement the TCP/IP protocol suite.


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7. The ARPANET, which was initially funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the United States Department of Defense, was shutdown and dismantled in the year 1990.


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8. CompuServe was the first service to offer electronic mail capabilities and technical support to personal computer users. They started the service in 1979.


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9. The CYCLADES packet switching network was a French research network. It was the first network to make the hosts responsible for reliable delivery of data, rather than the network itself.


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10. X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet-switched wide area network (WAN) communication. Unlike ARPANET, it was available for business use.


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11. FidoNet is a worldwide computer network that is used for communication between bulletin board systems (BBSes). It is used a store-and-forward system to exchange private (email) and public (forum) messages.


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12. Creeper is the first network computer virus, which infected Arpanet in 1971. Bob Thomas created Creeper as an experimental self-duplicating program that was intended not to inflict damage on, but to illustrate a mobile application.


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13. In 1976 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom sent an email on Arpanet, becoming the first head of state to do so.


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14. The Computer Science Network (CSNET) was a computer network that began operation in 1981 in the United States. The CSNET project was funded by the National Science Foundation for an initial three-year period from 1981 to 1984.


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15. Domain Name System was invented in 1983. Paul Mockapetris invented the Domain Name System (DNS) thus expanding the internet.


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16. MILNET was the name given to the part of the ARPANET internetwork designated for unclassified United States Department of Defense traffic. MILNET was physically separated from the ARPANET in 1984.


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17. Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. HTML documents were transmitted over the Internet by a web server to web browsers using Uniform Resource Locators.


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18. ICANN was created in 1998 to manage IP address space and DNS root zone. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces and numerical spaces of the Internet.


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19. NSFNET stands for National Science Foundation Network. It was a program which was sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) beginning in 1985 to promote advanced research and education networking in the United States.


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20. The Archie search engine is known to be the first search engine. It was developed in 1991 and was followed by WAIS and Gopher.


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21. The Gopher protocol is an application layer protocol which is designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet. The Gopher ecosystem is considered as the effective predecessor of the World Wide Web.


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22. ARPANET was developed under the direction of the U.S. Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) in 1969. It was the network that became the basis for the Internet.


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23. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) was developed in 1982. It is an Internet standard for email transmission. Extended SMTP is the protocol in widespread use today.


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24. Mosaic was one of the first web browsers and the first "popular" web browser with a graphical user interface that could be operated by an average person. It was this browser which accelarted the spread of the internet and resulted in internet boom of 1990s.


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25. First International Conference on the World-Wide Web or WWW1 was also the first meeting of World Wide Web Conference. It was held on May 25 to 27, 1994 in Geneva, Switzerland.


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