IAS General Studies Prelims Question No. 124

In the aftermath of first world war, which among the following external event put most profound impact on the course of Indian National Movement?
[A] May Fourth Movement in China
[B] Rise of Egyptian Revolution
[C] Russian Revolution of 1917
[D] Proclamation of Irish Republic by the Sinn Fein Party


[C] Russian Revolution of 1917
Russian Revolution and Indian Freedom Struggle The Russian Socialist Revolution of 1917, led by the Bolshevik Party headed by Lenin gave human history an entirely new turn. A revolution which placed on its agenda the building of a society in which exploitation of man by man would be ended. Progressive humanity the world over hailed it. It gave a new impetus to national liberation movements, including our own. Gandhi, Tilak, Nehru, Subhash Bose and the great poets Rabindranath Tagore and Iqbal among many others welcomed it. The Russian Revolution and the Indian freedom struggle became great friends. The rise of the broad left and of the Communist movement-in our own freedom struggle can be traced to the inspiring message of this world-shaking event. However it needs to be stressed that the communist movement and the broad left could take advantage of the ideas of the Socialist Revolution because of the favourable conditions obtaining in our own freedom struggle. Source: Ideologies and Institutions in Indian Politics By Mahendra Prasad Singh, Rekha Saxena


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