Quiz 86: Indian Polity & Constitution

1. Consider the following:
  1. Central Government
  2. State Governments

Which among the above can levy the taxes on agricultural revenues?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Show Answer

Correct Answer: B [Only 2]
By default, agricultural income is exempted from taxation and not included under total income. The Central Government can’t impose or levy tax on agricultural income. The exemption clause is mentioned under Section 10 (1) of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
However, state governments can charge agricultural tax. As of the latest amendment, income from agriculture, if within INR 50000 in a financial year, will not be accounted for tax purposes. Anything above that will be taxable as per the applicable rates.
2. If President and Vice President, both are unavailable, who among the following would discharge the functions?

[A] Prime Minister
[B] Lok Sabha Speaker
[C] Chief Justice of India
[D] Any person nominated by President or Vice President

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Correct Answer: C [Chief Justice of India]
As per the President (Discharge of Functions) Act, 1969, Chief justice of India (CJI) shall act as the president of India in the event of the offices of both the president and the vice president being vacant. It happened once in India when Dr. Zakir Hussain died in office and Vice President V. V. Giri acted as the president. Later, Mr. Giri resigned as the vice president. The CJI, Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah then became the acting president of India.
3. What can be the maximum number of members of the Lok Sabha ?

[A] 545
[B] 550
[C] 552
[D] 560

Show Answer

Correct Answer: C [552]
Lok Sabha is the lower house of the parliament which represents people. Article 81 deals with the Composition of the Lok Sabha. The maximum strength of Lok Sabha is 552 members of which 530 are elected from states, 20 are elected from Union Territories and 2 were so far (till 2019) nominated by President from Anglo-Indian community.
4. Which among the following was the strength of Lok Sabha after India’s first general elections?

[A] 289
[B] 389
[C] 489
[D] 500

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Correct Answer: C [489]
At that time, max strength of Lok Sabha was 500 members and all elected members were 489.
5. In India the Parliament is made up of ___:
  1. Lok Sabha
  2. Rajya Sabha
  3. President
  4. Vice President
  5. Lok Sabha Speaker

Choose the correct option:

Related Posts

[A] 1,2
[B] 1,2,3
[C] 1,2,3,4
[D] 1,2,3,4,5

Show Answer

Correct Answer: B [1,2,3]
India has a bicameral parliament made of President, Rajya Sabha (Upper House / Council of States) and Lok Sabha (Lower House / House of People). While Rajya Sabha represents states and union territories, Lok Sabha represents people of India.
6. For how many times, a person can become President of India?

[A] Once
[B] Twice
[C] Thrice
[D] No limit

Show Answer

Correct Answer: D [No limit]
Article 57: Eligibility for re election
A person who holds, or who has held, office as President shall, subject to the other provisions of this Constitution, be eligible for reelection to that office
7. If the Government of a State fails to enforce the Directive principals of the state Policy, a citizen can move to which among the following courts to file a writ petition to get them enforced?

[A] No Court
[B] District Courts
[C] High Courts
[D] Supreme Court

Show Answer

Correct Answer: A [No Court]
Directive Principles of State Policy are non-justiciable in nature therefore the citizens of India cannot move to any court for their enforcement.
8. Which among the following articles helped the Madarsas in India to remain out of purview of the Right to Education Act?

[A] Article 26
[B] Article 27
[C] Article 28
[D] Article 30

Show Answer

Correct Answer: D [Article 30]
Article 30 is called a Charter of Education Rights. Madarsas are administrated by the Article 30.
Article 30 mandates that all minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
Article 30 provides an absolute right to the minorities that they can establish their own linguistic and religious institutions and at the same time can also claim for grant-in-aid without any discrimination.
9. New All India services can be initiated in India only if the following makes a recommendation?

[A] President
[B] Rajya sabha
[C] Lok sabha
[D] Council of ministers

Show Answer

Correct Answer: B [Rajya sabha]
As per the Constitution of India, a new All India service can be instituted with only on the initiative of Rajya Sabha. Article 312 of the constitution says
“Notwithstanding anything in [Chapter VI of Part VI or Part XI], if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest so to do, Parliament may by law provide for the creation of one or more all India services [(including an all-India judicial service)] common to the Union and the States, and, subject to the other provisions of this Chapter, regulate the recruitment, and the conditions of service of persons appointed, to any such service.”

View Comments

  • the questions are really helpful n cool..kan we expect a bit of more legal gk both national and international??

  • Q.5
    The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552, upto 530 members to represent the States, up to 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the President, if, in his opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House.

  • i am afraid that ur answer 2 question no.2 is wrong.education is now a fundamental right and not a legal obligation as u have stated...pl verify...

  • i wanna clarify dat education is a fundamental right only till d age f 14 yrs......in all oder cases it is a legal obligation.

  • Q.15
    Maximum life of an ordinance promulgated by president is 6 weeks only. Will you please provide the link in support of your answer?

    • Rajneesh, An ordinance is in force as long as parliament does not meet. But, there cannot be a gap of more than 6 months between meetings of parliament as per other articles. Further, a time of 6 weeks is given after the parliament reassembles, as Article 123 says that Ordinance shall cease to operate at the expiration of six weeks from the reassembly of Parliament. So, 6 months + 6 weeks =7½ months is the maximum life of an ordinance.

  • Sir, I have a doubt regarding question no.15.

    The question is :-
    What is the maximum life of an ordinance passed by president ?
    The answer given is 7.5 months. But its answer is 6 months. Will you please justify your answer.

  • Sir,
    The max life of an ordanance promulgated by President is "UNLIMITED"
    The 7&1/2month is the max limit in which the Parliament of India should ratify it.
    But even after ratification of ordanance by Parliament it will remain ordanance only.
    Govt have to bring a fresh bill if they want to convert it into bill or act, and in the bill govt will specify the circumstances of issuing an ordanance.

    • @drmrbigpooh
      Agree, with your smart view. Let my question be as in what time Parliament should ratify it