Quiz 86: Indian Polity & Constitution
Consider the following:
- Central Government
- State Governments
Which among the above can levy the taxes on agricultural revenues?
Correct Answer: B [Only 2]
By default, agricultural income is exempted from taxation and not included under total income. The Central Government can’t impose or levy tax on agricultural income. The exemption clause is mentioned under Section 10 (1) of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
However, state governments can charge agricultural tax. As of the latest amendment, income from agriculture, if within INR 50000 in a financial year, will not be accounted for tax purposes. Anything above that will be taxable as per the applicable rates.
2. If President and Vice President, both are unavailable, who among the following would discharge the functions?
Correct Answer: C [Chief Justice of India]
As per the President (Discharge of Functions) Act, 1969, Chief justice of India (CJI) shall act as the president of India in the event of the offices of both the president and the vice president being vacant. It happened once in India when Dr. Zakir Hussain died in office and Vice President V. V. Giri acted as the president. Later, Mr. Giri resigned as the vice president. The CJI, Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah then became the acting president of India.
3. What can be the maximum number of members of the Lok Sabha ?
Correct Answer: C 
Lok Sabha is the lower house of the parliament which represents people. Article 81 deals with the Composition of the Lok Sabha. The maximum strength of Lok Sabha is 552 members of which 530 are elected from states, 20 are elected from Union Territories and 2 were so far (till 2019) nominated by President from Anglo-Indian community.
4. Which among the following was the strength of Lok Sabha after India’s first general elections?
Correct Answer: C 
At that time, max strength of Lok Sabha was 500 members and all elected members were 489.
In India the Parliament is made up of ___:
- Lok Sabha
- Rajya Sabha
- Vice President
- Lok Sabha Speaker
Choose the correct option:
Correct Answer: B [1,2,3]
India has a bicameral parliament made of President, Rajya Sabha (Upper House / Council of States) and Lok Sabha (Lower House / House of People). While Rajya Sabha represents states and union territories, Lok Sabha represents people of India.
6. For how many times, a person can become President of India?
Correct Answer: D [No limit]
Article 57: Eligibility for re election
A person who holds, or who has held, office as President shall, subject to the other provisions of this Constitution, be eligible for reelection to that office
7. If the Government of a State fails to enforce the Directive principals of the state Policy, a citizen can move to which among the following courts to file a writ petition to get them enforced?
Correct Answer: A [No Court]
Directive Principles of State Policy are non-justiciable in nature therefore the citizens of India cannot move to any court for their enforcement.
8. Which among the following articles helped the Madarsas in India to remain out of purview of the Right to Education Act?
Correct Answer: D [Article 30]
Article 30 is called a Charter of Education Rights. Madarsas are administrated by the Article 30.
Article 30 mandates that all minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
Article 30 provides an absolute right to the minorities that they can establish their own linguistic and religious institutions and at the same time can also claim for grant-in-aid without any discrimination.
9. New All India services can be initiated in India only if the following makes a recommendation?
Correct Answer: B [Rajya sabha]
As per the Constitution of India, a new All India service can be instituted with only on the initiative of Rajya Sabha. Article 312 of the constitution says
“Notwithstanding anything in [Chapter VI of Part VI or Part XI], if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest so to do, Parliament may by law provide for the creation of one or more all India services [(including an all-India judicial service)] common to the Union and the States, and, subject to the other provisions of this Chapter, regulate the recruitment, and the conditions of service of persons appointed, to any such service.”