Quiz 625: Indian History for RAS Examination

1. Consider the following policies followed by the Governor Generals for the expansion of their dominions and consolidation of their rule during the 3 stages of the process of the growth of British Paramountcy in India:
1.Subordinate Isolation
2.Policy of Ring Fence
3.Policy of Subordinate Union
Which of the following is the correct sequence of their adoption in the course of the establishment of British rule in India?


2. Which among the following was/were related to Governor-General William Bentinck:
1. Regulation XVII
2. Committee of Public Instruction
3. Macaulay’s Minute
4. Presidency of Agra
[A]Only 1
[B]Only 3
[C]1 and 3
[D]1, 2, 3 and 4

1, 2, 3 and 4
The presidency of Agra was established on 14 November 1834 under the provisions of Government of India Act 1833. Sir C. T. Metcalfe was appointed as the new Governor for the Presidency. However, in 1835 another Act of Parliament renamed the region to the North-Western Provinces, this time to be administered by a Lieutenant-Governor. Presidency ceased to exist on 1 June 1836.

3. Which of the following personalities were the founders of the ‘Home Rule Movement’ ?
1.Bal Gangadhar Tilak
2.Annie Besant
3.Mohammad Ali Jinnah
4.Mahatma Gandhi
[A]1 and 2
[B]1, 2 and 3
[C]1, 3 and 4
[D]1, 2, 3 and 4

1 and 2

4. The only session of Indian National Congress which was presided by Mahatma Gandhi was held at:


5. In the light of events that occurred after the General Elections of 1937 and the subsequent formation of Indian ministries in various provinces, identify the statement which is incorrect:
[A]Congress was highly successful and Muslim League failed miserably.
[B]Congress emerged as the largest party in NWFP.
[C]Unionist Party and Krishak Praja Party formed Governments in Punjab and Bengal respectively.
[D]Pirpur Report was prepared by Jinnah to highlight the atrocities and misrule of the Congress ministries.

Option [D]
To investigate Muslim grievances under Congress rule, the Muslim League formulated the “Pirpur Report” under the chairmanship of Raja Syed Muhammad Mehdi of Pirpur. Other reports concerning Muslim grievances in Congress run provinces were A. K. Fazl-ul-Haq’s “Muslim Sufferings Under Congress Rule”, and “The Sharif Report”.The allegation that Congress was representing Hindus only was voiced also by eminent British personalities. (Hence Statement d. is incorrect)

6. In the tenure of which Governor-General an attempt was made for the first time to codify Hindu and Muslim customary laws?
[A]Lord Cornwallis
[B]Warren Hastings
[C]William Bentinck
[D]Charles Metcalfe

Warren Hastings made an attempt was made for the first time to codify Hindu and Muslim customary laws.

7. Socio-religious reform movements in western India were led by some very illustrious personalities, the incorrect statement in this context is:
[A]Gopal Hari Deshmukh was one of the earliest religious reformers who rationally attacked hindu orthodox beliefs.
[B]Bal Gangadhar was a great Indian nationalist who revived the faith of Indians in their rich cultural heritage by celebration of Shivaji and Ganesh festival in Maharashtra.
[C]Dr Atmaram Pandurang and Justice Ranade, founded the Prarthana Samaj in Maharashtra, inspired by the Brahmo Samaj and espousing principles of enlightened theism based on the ancient Vedas.
[D]Justice Ranade and Pandita Ramabai were pioneers of women’s education in India.

Option [D]
Jyotiba Phule and his wife Savitribai Phule were pioneers of women’s education in India.

8. The methods of the Moderates can be best described as ‘Constitutional agitation’. Their main demands were –
1.Holding of Indian Civil Services examination simultaneously in England and in India.
2.Reduction of military expenditure.
3.Separation of judiciary from the executive.
4.Grant of self-government to India within the British Empire.
Which of the above statement(s) is / are incorrect?
[A]2 and 3
[B]1, 2 and 4
[C]2, 3 and 4
[D]All of them

All of them

9. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct regarding the Quit India Movement?
1.It was a leaderless movement, with the reigns of the movement in the hands of the masses.
2.It was also characterized by the outbreak of violence though Gandhi had given a call for a determined, but passive resistance, ‘do or die’.
3.The movement failed in terms of achieving immediate objectives.
[A]Only 1
[B]Only 2
[C]Both 1 and 3
[D]1, 2 and 3

Option [D]
The Quit India Movement was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for immediate independence. The All-India Congress Committee proclaimed a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called “an orderly British withdrawal” from India. The call for determined, but passive resistance appears in his call to Do or Die, issued on 8 August at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Bombay.
Almost the entire Indian National Congress leadership, and not just at the national level, was imprisoned without trial within hours after Gandhi’s speech; most spent the rest of the war in prison. It was a leaderless movement, with the reigns of the movement in the hands of the masses. The British refused to grant immediate independence, saying it could happen only after the war ended. Sporadic small-scale violence took place around the country but the British arrested tens of thousands of leaders, keeping them imprisoned until 1945, and suppressed civil rights, freedom of speech and freedom of the press. (Hence Statement 1. and 2. are correct)
In terms of immediate objectives Quit India failed because of heavy-handed suppression, weak coordination and the lack of a clear-cut programme of action. However, the British government realized that India was ungovernable in the long run, and the question for postwar became how to exit gracefully while protecting Britain’s allies, the Muslims and the princes.(Hence Statement 3. is also correct)

10. ‘New India’ and ‘Commonweal’ newspapers were started by :
[A]Madan Mohan Malviya
[B]S.Subramaniyam Iyer
[C]Annie Besant
[D]Lala Lajpat Rai

Annie Besant

11. Who among the following attended all the three Round Table Conferences held in London:
1. Mahatma Gandhi
2. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar
3. Tez Bahadur Sapru
4. Chittaranjan Das
[A]2 and 3
[B]2 and 4
[C]2, 3 and 4
[D]All of them

Option [A]

12. Who founded the association ‘ Naujawan Bharat Sabha’ to help foster revolution against the British Raj by gathering together worker and peasant youth in 1928 ?
[A]Chandra Shekhar Azad
[B]Surya Sen
[C]Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh

13. Arrange the following events/movements in the correct order of their chronology:
1. Rowlatt Act Satyagraha
2. Civil Disobedience Movement
3. Boycott of Simon Commission
4. Quit India Movement

Option [B]

14. Who presided over the Karachi Session of Indian National Congress where the resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Policy were passed?
[A]Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
[B]Jawahar Lal Nehru
[C]Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
[D]Subhash Chandra Bose

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

15. Which Indian mass movement began with the famous ‘Dandi March’ of Mahatma Gandhi ?
[A]Khilafat Movement
[B]Non-Cooperation Movement
[C]Civil Disobedience Movement
[D]Quit India Movement

Civil Disobedience Movement