[C] Anandabharati Aiyangar
[D] Subramanya Bharathi
Subramanya Bharathi (1882-1921) was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist and social reformer, popularly known as Mahakavi Bharathiyar. He is a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry. On December 11, 2012 his 130th birth anniversary was celebrated.
Subramanya Bharati ‘s songs are a part of contemporary popular culture and have featured in Tamil cinema in last many decades and also been set to music by famous composers like Illayaraja and sung by celebrated artistes like M.S. Subbulakshmi.
He published his first two collections of poems Swades, Gitanga and Janmabhoomi in 1908. His entire Tamil Literature can be divided into several parts of which the most prominent are the patriotic poems and the devotional poems viz. the Kannan Pattu (collection of songs devoted to Krishna) and Kuyil Pattu (Songs of Kuyil). It was only after his death in 1921, that his literary greatness came to be more and more appreciated and the value of his works Kannan-pattu and Kuyil- pattu was fully recognized. Today, Bharathiar is a household name in Tamil Nadu and a revered poet in rest of India.