Social Sector Services Education Human Resources


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Should the premier institutes like IITs/IIMs be allowed to retain premier status, allowed more academic independence in designing courses and also decide mode/criteria of selection of students. Discuss in light of the growing challenges.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. Scientific research in Indian universities is declining, because a career in science is not as attractive as our business operations, engineering or administration, and the universities are becoming consumer oriented. Critically comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3. Can overuse and the availability of antibiotics without doctor's prescription, the contributors to the emergence of drug-resistant diseases in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and control? Critically discuss the various issues involved.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4. "Though India has not been able to set up campuses of Foreign Universities here; the GIAN initiative seems to be a turning point in higher education."Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5. What do you mean by Commercial surrogacy? Discuss in the light of the recently drafted / enacted bills in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6. Why the HPV vaccine became a huge cause of concern and so much controversial in India? In a developing country like India where majority of the people live in villages, do you think that HPV vaccine can be an effective measure towards fight against cervical cancer? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7. Critically discuss the factors that make India one of the most sought-after destinations of clinical trials in the world. Also throw light upon the legal framework around clinical trials in the country.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8. Deaths during clinical trials are increasing in India in the recent years even as the country emerges to be one of the most sought-after destinations of human studies of experimental medicines. What are the ethical issues involved here? Despite of so many controversies and concerns about the Clinical Trials, why do governments allow them? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9. Why clinical Trials are needed? Discuss while elaborating various phases of Clinical Trials.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10. While keeping recent judicial pronouncement on Kerala's new liquor policy in focus, examine the right to equality and freedom of trade as guaranteed by Constitution of India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      11. What do you understand by the Test of Reasonable Classification? While keeping recent Supreme Court Judgement in focus, critically analyze the liquor policy of Kerala state government.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12. Provision of primary healthcare system has been a big challenge in Indian healthcare system. In this context, the concept of Mohalla clinics in Delhi seems to be well designed than earlier healthcare interventions. Discuss how they work, and what the reasons for their success are. Do you think this model can be successfully be replicated in rural areas of India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13. Critically examine the contribution of Gavi towards India's immunisation programme.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      14. India is one among the countries that are at a high risk from Melioidosis. What is this disease and what are the concerns regarding the same? Examine.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      15. "Tobacco farming is like a double sword demanding the governments to walk a tightrope balancing public health and livelihood of poor farmers."Elucidate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      16. What do you understand by Community pharmacy? Discuss in the light of Pharmacy Practice Regulations-2015.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      17. Critically examine various legal and ethical issues around commercial surrogacy in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      18. Critically examine the issues created by the misconception that no-detention means no assessment in context with the No detention policy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      19. What Institutional / Administrative changes would you suggest to balance the regional distribution of Medical Education in India? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      20. Scientific research in Indian universities is declining, because a career in science is not as attractive as our business operations, engineering or administration, and the universities are becoming consumer oriented. Critically comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      21. Critically discuss the sociological challenges posed by poor sanitation and open defecation in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      22. To what extent, the recently passed Right of Persons with Disabilities Bill is "enabling" with respective to the persons with mental illness? Critically examine.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      23. India is among few countries, that have not ratified ILO Conventions on Child Labour, Worst Forms of Child Labour and Minimum Age of Employment. While elucidating the reasons for the same, discuss the current policy stance of the government.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      24. Discuss the so called "Core Labor Standards" under the 'Declaration of the Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work' of International Labour Organization.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      25. There is an urgent need to redefine the role of states vis-à-vis centre in higher education and research in the country. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      26. It is widely acknowledged that the highest level of mental and physical well-being can be achieved by investing in initial five year of birth of baby. Critically examine Government of India's interventions in this direction.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      27. According to World Bank report 22% of Indians live below poverty line. With such a large population unable to support themselves, does targeted basic income make sense? Critically examine.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      28. How the personal laws in India impinge upon the gender equality? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      29. Discuss the key problems in India's public health infrastructure establishing their link with India's development challenges.|
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      30. Critically analyze the Draft Pharmaceutical Policy 2017 suggestion to improve the quality of drugs in India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      31. The poor state of public hospitals in India suggests that the answer to healthcare problems of the country lies in private sector. Discuss critically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      32. What is the necessity for the government of India to bring its TB and HIV programmes together? Also explain the recently launched "Universal Drug Sensitivity Test" to combat TB in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      33. India has amongst the countries with highest out of pocket expenditure for healthcare. While elucidating the reasons for the same, critically examine the government efforts towards this.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      34. What are the positive and negative impacts of social networking on high school and college students in India? In the light of these pros and cons, do you think it is necessary to develop certain regulations? Opine.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      35. Critically assess the government efforts in India to involve the community in primary healthcare activities and impacts of these efforts in various health indicators.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      36. To what extent, the electronic vaccine intelligence Network(eVIN) can help in the proper implementation of vaccination programs? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      37. Discuss the extent, causes, and implications of 'double burden of malnutrition' in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      38. What do you understand by the so called "human-first" or "Controlled Human Infection Model (CHIM)" approach in vaccine development? How it can make a difference in the efforts to tackle the menace of vector-borne diseases? Discuss.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      39. Despite various initiatives to make tissue and organ donations transparent, there are various instances of corruption and violation of rules in organ transplantation. What are the issues with existing legal mechanisms? Also, what are the reasons behind the shortage of organs for transplantation? Examine.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40. Examine the implications of Jan Aushadhi Scheme on domestic pharma industry in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      41. As per World Bank report titled "Global Burden of Disease", non-communicable diseases are causing more premature mortality and disability in India compared to communicable diseases. Examine the reasons for the same while suggesting some of the measures adopted in National Health Policy- 2017 to tackle the problem.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      42. What are the key findings of 'India State Level Disease Burden' report?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      43. To what extent the Tripura Model has been successful in improving the Human Development Index of the state? Discuss its salient features.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      44. What is the KPME (Amendment) Bill and why are private doctors in Karnataka up in arms against it?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      45. As per recent study, it has been found that high levels of β-lactam-resistant bacteria and genes generated from Pharma industry are responsible for growing antimicrobial resistance. Discuss the measures taken by government under its 2017 National Action Plan for Antimicrobial Resistance, to control the problem.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      46. What is an orphan drug? How the absence of regulations for Orphan Drugs in India acting as a gaping lacuna in the health-care services?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      47. While elucidating their utility, explain why the biological drugs are called the future of medicine? Analyze the impediments to make India a hub for manufacturing biological drugs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      48. Critically discus the December, 2017 Supreme Court directives to government to weed out large numbers of irrational, unscientific and hazardous fixed dose combination drugs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      49. Discuss the potential of progress in genomics and bioinformatics towards better healthcare in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      50. Critically examine the provisions of draft of National Policy of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Voluntary Certification Scheme.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      51. With reference to children's learning outcomes, how the ASER survey and National Achievement Survey (NAS) are different from each other? Critically comment on the quality of education in the light of these survey findings.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      52. Elaborate the 3As challenges towards equitable health system worldwide and their implications.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      53. Stunting is a manifestation of malnutrition. Can it be addressed with the rapid economic growth?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      54. What are the five types of diabetes reported in "The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology"medical journal?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      55. What lessons can the National Health Protection Scheme take from the Maharashtra's Rajiv Gandhi Jeevandayi Aarogya Yojana for the accomplishment of its objectives?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      56. Does the recent move of halving the syllabus for schools provides for a comprehensive reform in education sector?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      57. Why the report of Niti Aayog on the child sex ratio is disheartening? How the technological growth has contributed to this menace of declining child sex ratio?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      58. India must concentrate on wellness for a sustainable Health care. Justify.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      59. What are the challenges faced by government in achieving its objective of "Universal Health Care"in the country? Discuss some of the steps taken by the government in the recent years to achieve this ambitious target.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      60. What is a psychoactive drug? To what extent do you agree with the view that psychoactive drugs like opium and marijuana should be legalised for medical purposes in India? Give reasons to support your viewpoint.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      61. Why India needs to strengthen its regulatory mechanisms to prevent the antibiotic misuse?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      62. What are law commission recommendations on reducing the legal marriageable age for boys?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      63. What are the findings about the suicides in India in 2016 Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors (GBD 2016) report?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      64. What are reasons behind the disproportionate death of girl children in India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      65. How do you see the proposal of reservation of 20% beds for the poor in the private hospitals? Should it be allowed?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      66. What is Institutes of Eminence Scheme? Explain in detail the criteria for selection of an IOE and its benefits for India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      67. Explain the features and cure of hemophilia. How early management can be a solution to stop the spread of this disease?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      68. What are e-cigarettes? Why there is a need to immediately regulate them in India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      69. What are the symptoms of Nipah Virus in humans? What care should be taken to reduce its cases from occurrence?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      70. Critically analyse the features of the Ayushman Bharat Scheme. Explain in detail the benefits it provides to the poor and weaker sections of the society.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      71. Enumerate the benefits of the CCR5-Delta 32 Mutation to the Indian Bioinformatics Industry.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      72. How do you think the government can plug in the loopholes in the education system?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      73. What are your suggestions for better implementation of the Right to Education Act?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      74. What do you understand by the sub-replacement fertility in terms of demography?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      75. What are Fixed Dose Combination Drugs (FDCs)? Enumerate the concerns associated and despite all the harms why they are so popular in India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      76. What are Non communicable Diseases? Enumerate the provisions of the National Programme for prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and strokes (NPCDCS).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      77. Why do you think better bans are needed on smoking in India?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78. The stress on rote learning instead of critical thinking continues, unlike in European systems.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      79. The draft National Education Policy reinforces outdated ideas about the goals of a foundational literacy programme. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80. Enumerate the concerns related to the antibacterial resistance. What are the factors responsible for its occurrence?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81. Violence against doctors is a symptom and not the disease. Structural and policy changes in India's hospitals and not increased security. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82. There is doubt in the fact that the state of well-being of an ordinary Indian is far from ideal. What steps should be taken by Modi 2.0 to improve the same?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      83. Government has to push for robust reforms in the healthcare system to get World Bank funding. The government has to work to strengthen the management of non-communicable diseases. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      84. India is set to become the most populous nation; improving the quality of life is crucial. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      85. India must recognize the right to a minimally decent life, so that no person falls below a certain level of existence. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      86. Can India successfully implement the new Education Policy in terms of teaching in multiple languages in the wake of absence of enough skilled teachers? Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      87. Make a case for bringing Healthcare services in India under the aegis of Consumer Protection Law.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      88. The education system needs change, not polishing up. Critically analyze the statement in context of recent Draft national education policy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      89. Do you think the national education system needs more than just fine-tuning to ramp it up? Discuss this in light of the new draft of NEP.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      90. What are the steps taken by the government to integrate Ayurveda, Yoga, Homeopathy systems with Modern Medicine?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      91. Examine the rising trends in Diphtheria cases in India as a concern for India’s public health.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      92. What are the issues related to Primary Health Care in India? Enumerate the ways to solve the issues related to PHC?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      93. The Neem Plant is a plant that is also praised in Ancient books on medicines for its useful properties. Analyze the statement in context of modern uses of the Neem plant.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      94. What is the plan formulated by the Ministry of Human Resources Development to reduce the dropout rates in IITs?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      95. Examine the trends in Notified TB Cases.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      96. In the light of the All India Survey on Higher Education 2018-19, discuss the social composition of teachers in the Higher Education Institutions.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      97. What are the findings of the Niti Aayog’s School Education Quality Index?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98. Why Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus has become a cause of concern?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      99. How the Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship Programme will aid in strengthening the skill development ecosystem?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      100. How the Science and Technology Councils could be reformed as scientific institutions of national importance?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      101. What is Project Vishwajeet?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      102. The World is not in track to accomplish the objectives set by the WHO to eliminate TB. Discuss the statement in the light of Global TB report 2019.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      103. India has the world’s largest burden of TB. Discuss in the light of India TB-Report 2019 and Global TB report 2019.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      104. Endowment Funds can be a tool to secure the financial autonomy of the Higher Educational Institutions. How IIT Delhi is surging ahead in this direction.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      105. What are the components assessed in the Qs India University rankings? Discuss the standings of Indian Universities in the 2020 Rankings.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      106. While proactive steps are being taken to protect healthcare professionals it is necessary empower patients against exploitation from healthcare establishments. Discuss
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      107. The Antibiotic revolution started in 1928 has revolutionized the world, describe how antimicrobial resistance threatens to reverse all this progress.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      108. India has become the diabetes capital of the world, explain how bad is the situation and how India has reached this point.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      109. Discuss the provisions of The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      110. Highlight the structural flaws in India’s higher education system which is affecting the innovation and human capital of the country and is cheating the largest demography of its potential.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      111. Highlight the need for regulation and the significance of drugs sold by online pharmacies.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      112. In the backdrop of fee protest hike in JNU, critically analyse the state of Higher Education in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      113. Fight against AIDS: Need of Renewed Political Commitment, Finance and Engagement
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      114. Issues Around Regulation of Medical Devices Industry in India
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      115. Addressing the trust gap and income inequality which exists in organ donation and organ transplantation is crucial for organ donation. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      116. With 2.3 million children not vaccinated against measles last year, Governments need to do more to increase public awareness of the vaccine’s importance. Comment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      117. New Education policy : Creation of an enabling environment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      118. India's Policy Towards Trans Fats
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      119. Transforming India's Higher Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      120. Medicine : India's dependence on API
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      121. Pharamaceutical Policy & India's Dependence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      122. Tackling mental health issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      123. Empathy in healthcare
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      124. Swachh Survekshan: A Hit Or A Miss?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      125. Is India Overusing Antibiotics?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      126. India Bans E-cigarettes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      127. India Makes Public Health A Priority With "Eat Right India"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      128. Substance Abuse Turns Out To Be A Major Problem In India
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      129. India Is Slowly Rising Up The HDI Ladder
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      130. India Skills Report 2018-20: How has Youth Fared?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      131. Annual Status of Education Report: Key Findings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      132. Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      133. Code on Social Security, 2019
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      134. Explain how the e-Shram portal can help to address the issues faced by workers in the informal sector in India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      135. Economic empowerment of women is the key to ensure their social empowerment. Discuss in context of India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      136. Discuss the need for setting up of social stock exchange in India. What are the key challenges in their effective implementation?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      137. The merit-based actions against some civil society groups are necessary but some opine it as curb on dissent. Analyze.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      138. Examine the need of urgent investment in human capital formation for India.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      139. Among informal sectors, domestic servants are a unique group in India. They are ubiquitous but remains invisible. Highlight the challenges faced by them and factors responsible for these challenges, also suggest remedial measures.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      140. Discuss the reasons for poor public service delivery in India. Also, suggest ways to make public service delivery more efficient.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      141. The education system of India faces challenges related to access, equity, quality, affordability and accountability. These needs to be addressed on priority basis for achieving the objectives of the new education policy, intended to make India a knowledge superpower. Elaborate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      142. Increasing the scope of skilling is imperative for changing economic and demographic structure in India. Assess the success of skill India mission till now.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      143. India’s march on the path of development will remain incomplete until it reaps its demographic dividend with skills and education. In this context, discuss the significance of the RISE and EQUIP schemes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      144. Critically examine Andhra Pradesh’s initiative to use facial recognition technology for curbing absenteeism in schools as a measure to improve quality of education.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      145. With reference to the recent release of MBBS textbooks in Hindi, what are the advantages and challenges in switching the medium of instruction in such courses?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      146. What are the shortcomings of higher education in India? Suggest some solutions.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      147. What are the highlights of the recent UGC guidelines for PhD? What are the concerns associated with the change?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      148. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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