Whether the Supreme Court is bound by its own decisions?
A principle of great significance which avoids stultification of the constitutional law, and helps in its continuous development through the process of judicial interpretation, is that the Supreme Court does not regard itself bound by its own previous decisions and feels free t overrule them if it thinks that to be necessary.
As early as 1955, in Bengal Immunity Co. v. State of Bihar, the Court expressed the opinion that it was not bound by its earlier judgments; it could reconsider its own previous decisions; it possessed the freedom to depart from them, or even overrule then whenever it thought fit to do so to keep pace with the needs of changing times. There was nothing in the Constitution against such a course of action. Judicial opinions on constitutional questions are not immutable.