GK Question- 37

Consider the following observations about the Bhakti Movement in India:
1. It was confined to only some parts of North & Central India
2. It’s doctrine is the foundation of modern Vaishnavite Hinduism
3. It was an spontaneous movement
Which among the above statements is/ are correct?
[A]1, 2 & 3
[B]2 & 3
[C]1 & 2
[D]1 & 3


Explanation:
1. it was confined to only some parts of North & Central India This is an incorrect statement. The Bhakti Movement actually originated from South India and expanded all over India.
2. It’s doctrine is the foundation of modern Vaishnavite Hinduism This is a correct statement. The doctrine of Bhakti Movement is the foundation of modern Vaishnavite Hinduism. Unlike in the south, where devotion was centered on both Shiva and Vishnu (in all his forms), the northern devotional movement was centered on Rama and Krishna, both of whom are considered incarnations of Vishnu. Despite this, the sect of Shiva or of the Devi did not go into decline. In fact for all of its history the Bhakti movement co-existed peacefully with the other movements in Hinduism. It was initially considered unorthodox, as it rebelled against caste distinctions and disregarded Brahmanic rituals, which according to Bhakti saints were not necessary for salvation. In the course of time, however, owing to its immense popularity among the masses (and even royal patronage) it became ‘orthodox’ and continues to be one of the most important modes of religious expression in modern India.
3. It was an spontaneous movement This is a correct statement. It was spontaneous and not preplanned.

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