UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Examination 2017- General Studies Paper 2

  1. “The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance.” Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation. (Answer in 150 words)
  2. Critically examine the Supreme Court’s judgement on ‘National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014 with reference to appointment of judges in higher judiciary in India. (Answer in 150 words)
  3. Simultaneous election to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies will limit the amount of time and money spent in electioneering but it will reduce the government’s accountability to the people. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words)
  4. How do pressure groups influence Indian political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure groups have emerged as more powerful than formal pressure groups in recent years? (Answer in 150 words)
  5. Discuss the role of Public Accounts Committee in establishing accountability of the government to the people. (Answer in 150 words)
  6. ‘To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs the identification of the beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with anticipated outcomes.” Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme. (Answer in 150 words)
  7. Does the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 ensure effective mechanism for empowerment and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries in the society? Discuss. (Answer in 150 words)
  8. Hunger and Poverty are the biggest challenges for good governance in India still today. Evaluate how far successive government have progressed in dealing with these humongous problems. Suggest measures for improvement. (Answer in 150 words)
  9. China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia”. In the light of this statement, discuss the impact on India as her neighbour. (Answer in 150 words)
  10. What are the main functions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)? Explain different ‘functional commissions attached to it. (Answer in 150 words)
  11. Explain the salient features of the Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016. Do you think it is efficacious enough to remove cascading effects of taxes and provide for common national market for goods and services? (Answer in 250 words)
  12. Examine the scope of Fundamental Rights in the light of the latest judgement of the Supreme Court on Right to Privacy. (Answer in 250 words)
  13. The Indian Constitution has provisions for holding joint session of the two Houses of the Parliament. Enumerate the occasions when this would normally happen and also the occasions when it cannot, with reason thereof. (Answer in 250 words)
  14. To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful? (Answer in 250 words)
  15. Is the National Commission for Women able to strategize and tackle the problems that women face at both public and private spheres? Give reasons in support of your answer. (Answer in 250 words)
  16. “The emergence of the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in contemporary times points to the slow but steady withdrawal of the State from development activities.” Examine the role of SHGs in development activities and the measures taken by the Government of India to promote SHGs. (Answer in 250 words)
  17. Poverty alleviation programmes in India remain mere showpieces until and unless they are backed up by political will. Discuss with reference to the performance of the major poverty alleviation programmes in India. (Answer in 250 words)
  18. Initially Civil Services in India were designed to achieve the goals of neutrality and effectiveness, which seems to be lacking in the present context. Do you agree with the view that drastic reforms are required to Civil Services? Comment. (Answer in 250 words)
  19. The question of India’s Energy Security constitutes the most important part of India’s economic progress. Analyze India’s energy policy cooperation with West Asian countries. (Answer in 250 words)
  20. Indian Diaspora has an important role to play in South East Asian countries’ economy and society. Appraise the role of Indian Diaspora in South-East Asia in this context. (Answer in 250 words)


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