Trends in Violations under Child Labour Act
The Ministry of Labour & Employment has tabled in Lok Sabha the figures on instances of violation of the Child & Adolescent Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 found during inspections, along with prosecutions started and convictions made. It indicates following trends:
- The instances of child labour detected during inspections have reduced successively from 2014 to 2018.
- In spite of ban on child labour there were reported instances during the inspection
Steps taken to eradicate child labour
National Child Labour Project
The government is implementing National Child Labour Project since 1988. Under the scheme, children aged 9-14 are rescued/withdrawn from work and enrolled in NCLP Special Training Centres before being integrated with the formal education system whereas children aged 5-8 are directly linked to the formal education system through close coordination with the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
Amendments to the Act
The Child Labour Act was amended in 2016 provides for complete prohibition of work or employment of children below age 14 in any occupation and prohibits employment of adolescents in the age group 14-18 in hazardous occupations and processes.
The amendments made the offence of employing child labour cognisable and provides for strict punishment of employers for violation of the Act.
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