T S R Subramanian Committee
A High Level Committee headed by Shri T.S.R. Subramanian was constituted to review various Acts administered by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change.
The Committee reviewed the following laws: (i) Indian Forests Act, 1927, (ii) Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 (iii) Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, (iv) Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, (v) Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, and (vi) Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Some of the recommendations are:
- It has recommended for creation of a new “umbrella” law by subsuming the existing environmental laws.
- Under the proposed new Environment Law Management Act (ELMA), full-time expert bodies—National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and State Environment Management Authority (SEMA)—are to be established at the Central and state levels respectively. They should evaluate project clearance (using technology and expertise), in a time bound manner, providing for single window clearance.
- The existing Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and the State Pollution Control Boards (SPCB)are proposed to be “subsumed” under NEMA and SEMA once the new bodies come into existence.
- Protected areas and forests with over 70% of the tree coverage should be declared as ‘No GO’ areas.
- Compensatory afforestation in the revenue land should be modified to 2:1 from the existing 1:1 ratio. The compensatory afforestation in degraded forest land should be modified to 3:1 from the existing 2:1 ratio.
- An All India Service with name as ‘India Environment Service’ may be created.
T S R Subramanian Committee: On education
The TSR Subramanian committee on Education had observed that the no detention policy in schools should be applicable till Class V and exams be held from Class VI onwards. Prior to this, the Vasudev Devnani committee had also recommended for the revocation of No-Detention Policy.
Topics: Central Pollution Control Board • Compensatory Afforestation • Environmental law • Environmental protection • Environmental social science • Ministry of Environment • Ministry of Environment and Forests • Natural environment • Nature • Pollution in India