Sources of the Indian Constitution

Here is the list of features of constitution of India borrowed / inspired from different constitutions of the world.

From Russia Revolution 1917

  • Ideal Of Justice In Social, Education, Economic And Political

From French Revolution 1789-1799:

  • Ideal of Liberty, Equality and fraternity
  • Ideal of Republic

From Govt. of India Act 1935

  • Federal Scheme (also from constitution of Canada)
  • Office of Governor
  • Judiciary
  • Public Service Commission
  • Emergency
  • Administrative Details

From British Constitution

  • Parliamentary Form of Government.
  • Rule of Law
  • Legislation
  • Single Citizenship
  • Cabinet Form of Government
  • Prerogative Writs
  • Bicameralism
  • Parliamentary privileges
  • Legislative Procedure

From the Constitution of United States:

  • Fundamental Rights
  • Independent Judiciary
  • Judicial Review
  • Impeachment of President
  • Removal of Supreme Court Judges
  • Vice Presidential Ship

From Constitution of Ireland

  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Nomination of Members to Rajya Sabha
  • Electoral Office And Method of President Election

From Canada Constitution

  • Canada is a pure federal country.
  • Federation with strong center
  • Residuary power with center
  • Appointment of state governors by center
  • Advisory/review of supreme court

From Constitution of Australia

  • Concurrent List
  • Freedom of Trade
  • Commerce And Inter State Trade
  • Joint Sitting In The Parliament

From Constitution of USSR

  • Fundamental Duties
  • Preamble

From Constitution of South Africa

  • Procedure for Amendment of the Constitution.
  • Election to the Rajya Sabha Members

From Constitution of Japan

  • Procedures Established By Law

From Weimer constitution of Germany

  • Suspension of fundamental rights during emergency

Fact box: Ideal of Republic

Here, we should make it clear that Constitution Declares the Indian State to be sovereign, democratic, republic and from 1977 secular and socialist. Each of these concepts is intertwined with the social and political history of civilization, battle of ideas and system of Governance. The American Revolution, The French Revolution, The Russian Revolution and India’s own freedom struggle contributed to these concepts. The ideal of Republic cannot be said to be borrowed from French Constitution alone.

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen from which the ideal of “Liberté, égalité, fraternité” has been taken was the motto inspired by the French Revolution and following the Liberation, the Provisional Government of the French Republic (GPRF) re-established the Republican motto Liberté, égalité, fraternité, which is incorporated into both the 1946 and the 1958 French constitutions. French slogan of “Liberty, Equality and Fraternity” as an ideal has been borrowed from French Revolution to Indian constitution.

Immediately before the Indian Constitution, amendments to the 1936 Constitution established separate branches of the Red Army for each Soviet Republic. Decision to Become a Republic was taken in May 1949.

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