Rishbhdev is also known as Rishabh, Adinath, Adishwar or Kesariya Ji. He was born at Ayodhya in the Ikshwaku Kula or clan. In Hinduism he is known to be an avatara or incarnation of Vishnu. The name of Rishabh’s parents has been mentioned in the Bhagvata Purana.

His parents were King Nabhi Raja and Queen Marudevi.

Two sons of Rishabhdeva are worth mention. One was King Bharata, a Chakravarti Samrata and another is Bahubali. Bharta was the king, after whose name India is called Bharat Varsha. Please note that in Hindu Mythology Bharata is mentioned as son of Dushyanta.

However, some sources say that Bharata was eldest of a hundred sons of a saintly king by the name of Rishbhdev. The Jain theology calls Rishabh a Tirthankara and Bharat a King, whose younger brother was Bahubali.

Bahubali was Bahu Bali, one with enormous strength in his arms.

The mythological stories relate that Bharat wanted to attack on the kingdom of Bahubali and both brothers nearly readied for a war. The minister negotiated and it was decided that the two brother only contest personally through Jal Yuddha,
Malla Yuddha and Drishti Yuddha. Bharata struck him first, but when it was Bahubali turn, he respected the elder brother and did not strike him and became a renunciant. Some years later, Bharta won the meru parvata and hoisted a flag there. But, when he reached the zenith, he found many flags out there. So he felt insignificance and also became a renunciant.


  • The Sign of Rishbhdev is a Bull and achieved nirvana on the Kailasa Mountain of the Himalayas as per digambar canons and as per shwetambar canons he achieved nirvana on Ashtapad mount.
  • Please note that 20 out of the 20 Jain Tirthankara attained Niravana at Summet Shikhar or Shikharji located near Giridih, in Jharkhand, one of the most sacred places for Jains in the world
  • Vasupujya attained nirvana at Champapuri in north Bengal; Neminatha on Mount Girnar in gujrat; and Mahavira, the last, at Pavapuri near patna in Bihar.

Bahubali is also known as Gomateshwara. There are 5 monolithic statues are present in Karnataka, out of which 57 feet at Shravanabelagola in Hassan District was created in 981 AD and his highest. The location of other statues are : Karkala in Udupi District, Dharmasthala in Dakshina Kannada District, Venur in Dakshina Kannada District, Gommatagiri in Mysore District.

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