Pulse Polio Immunization
In the pursuance of the World Health Assembly resolution of 1988, the Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI) Programme was started nation-wide from 1995 to eradicate polio in India covering children in the age group 0-3 years. In order to accelerate the Pace of polio eradication, all children under the age of 5 years were targeted since 1996-97. The annual strategy on polio eradication is decided on the basis of recommendation of India Experts Advisory Group (IEAG) which constituted of Indian experts; and international experts from World Health Organization (WHO), United Nation Children Fund (UNICEF) & Centre for Disease Control (CDC) Atlanta.
- Of the 3 types of polio causing viruses, type 2 (WPV-2) has already been eradicated in 1999.
- The bivalent vaccine (bOPV) was introduced in the country for the first time in 2010.
- On 13th January the nation reached a major milestone in the history of polio eradication – a year without any case of wild polio being recorded.
- As India reached this ‘no wild case’ mark, it will no longer be considered ‘endemic’ to polio. Following this, the World Health Organisation removed India from the list of endemic nations.
Topics: Government Schemes India