National Dairy Plan
In 2012, the UPA government had approved the National Dairy Plan Phase-I for a period of six years from 2011-12 to 2016-17 as a Central Sector Scheme. This plan was launched to cover 14 major milk producing States viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal which account for over 90 per cent of the country’s milk production, having 87 per cent of breedable cattle and buffalo population and 98 per cent of the fodder resources.
In June 2015, the union government has included three more states viz. Uttarakhand, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh and it has been extended up to 2018-19.
- It’s a Central Sector Scheme, to be fully funded and implemented by Union.
- Covers 17 states currently.
- Objective is to increase productivity of the milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly growing demand
- Another objective is to help rural milk producers achieve greater access to the organized milk processing sector.
- Implementation wholly by National Dairy Development Board through milk co-operatives and state agencies. Private dairy sector has been excluded from the implementation currently.
Components of National Dairy Plan
There are three main components of NDP Phase-1 viz. Productivity Enhancement, Village based milk procurement systems and Project Management and Learning. Under the Productivity Enhancement component, the NDDB provides 100% grant-in-aid for nutrition and breeding activities. It provides financial as well as technical assistance for production of high genetic merit (HGM) cattle and buffalo bulls and import of Jersey/ HF Bulls for semen production. Under the Village based milk procurement systems the NDDB strives for providing facilities of Milk weighing, testing and collection, Milk cooling at the village level and also support for creating institutional structure at that level. Under Project Management and Learning, it has ICT Based MIS and Learning & Evaluation parts.