MARPOL refers to Marine Pollution. MARPOL 73/78 is the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978. It entered into force on 2 October 1983 and it has 169 parties. It is one of the most important environment conventions on marine pollution and prevents the pollution from Oil Spill, Noxious Liquid Substances carried in Bulk, Harmful Substances carried in Packaged Form, Sewage , Garbage and Air Pollution.
It centers around minimizing the pollution of the seas, including dumping, oil and exhaust pollution. There are 150 countries party to this agreement.
India & MARPOL 73/78
India is a party to MARPOL 73/78. India’s enshrined the obligation to inform contravention of provision of MARPOL 73/78 in the Sec 356 (H) of Merchant Shipping Act 1948.
India’s Deepak class tankers of the Indian Navy are fleet replenishment ships with two vessels INS Deepak and INS Shakti.
Out of them INS Shakti provides a greater safety against the accidental oil spillages in accordance with the latest MARPOL regulations.
INS Shakti has been launched on October 12, 2010 at Italy’s Sestri Ponente shipyard of Fincantieri at Genoa.
Both these Deepak class tankers are to be built in Italy under a Euro 300 deal with India. INS Deepak is at advanced stage of development right now.