Key Facts About Dengue

Aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector of Dengue. It lives in urban habitats and breeds mostly on man-made containers. Infected humans are the main carriers and multipliers of the virus, serving as a source for uninfected mosquitoes. Dengue should be suspected when high fever is accompanied by two of these symptoms: severe headache, muscle and joint pains, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands or rash. Severe dengue is hazardous due to plasma leaking, fluid accumulation, respiratory distress, severe bleeding, or organ impairment. No specific treatment for dengue fever. Maintenance of the patient’s body fluid volume is critical to severe dengue care.

Kindly note the following points for Prelims:

  1. It’s a day biting mosquito
  2. It transfers the virus generally human to human, without any animal reservoir
  3. It can be recognized by white markings on legs
  4. Only the female can spread Dengue