Irrigation Potential of India

Please read this article for updated information on Irrigation Potential of India. 

In all the five year plans considerable importance has been given to the creation of additional irrigation potential in the country. When five year planning started in our country, the irrigation potential was 23 million hectares which included 10 million hectares from major and medium irrigation works and 13 million hectares from the minor irrigation works.

The ultimate irrigation potential for the country has been assessed to be about 139.9 million hectare. As per the available information, about 105.8 Mha of irrigation potential has been created so far (January 22, 2010, PIB).

Total area under irrigation varies from year to year. As per the Land Use Statistics of Ministry of Agriculture, gross irrigated area and net irrigated area during 2006-07 have been estimated to be 85.8 Mha and 60.9 Mha respectively.

Total irrigation potential created during 2005-09 is 6.71 Mha. The Maximum Irrigation Potential was created for Uttar Pradesh. The following Table makes it clear.

Irrigation Potential Created 2005-09
Sl. No.

Name of State

Total

1 Andhra Pradesh

799.262

2 Arunachal Pradesh

19.051

3 Assam

57.777

4 Bihar

526.751

5 Chhattisgarh

167.446

6 Goa

12.581

7 Gujarat

505.456

8 Haryana

64.411

9 Himachal Pradesh

19.555

10 Jammu &Kashmir

60.357

11 Jharkhand

83.899

12 Karnataka

311.390

13 Kerala

34.514

14 Madhya Pradesh

311.100

15 Maharashtra

637.200

16 Manipur

12.000

17 Meghalaya

10.269

18 Mizoram

7.294

19 Nagaland

12.715

20 Orissa

237.575

21 Punjab

137.498

22 Rajasthan

424.640

23 Sikkim

3.891

24 Tamil nadu

225.124

25 Tripura

11.749

26 Uttar Pradesh

1888.216

27 Uttaranchal

100.736

28 West Bengal

28.971

  TOTAL

6711.428

Source: Ministry of Ag. Values Thousand Hectares

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