India’s Food grain Production in comparison to world

For the first two decade of India’s independence, India was struggling and the main objective was to produce as much food grains as much possible. After 1965, the Green Revolution (discussed later) gave India the confidence and by the end of 1980s India was self sufficient in food production. However, later the situation became reverse. During the early 2000s, India was having more than 3 times of the Buffer stock of food grains in the central pool but in certain corners of the country people dying due to non availability of food. The situation was taken to Supreme Court via a PIL, which was filed by the People’s Union For Civil Liberties.

Later a National level Food For Work Programme arrived. This programme was later merged with NREGA.

Wheat & Rice: In 2009, India was world’s Number 2 producer of wheat. In recent years India has emerged among top 10 exporters of wheat. In Rice also India has emerged as world’s second largest producer.

Top Ten Wheat Producers — 2009 (million metric ton) 

 China

114

 India

80 

 United States

61 

 Russia

61 

 France

38 

 Canada

26 

 Germany

24 

 Ukraine

114 

 Australia

80 

 Pakistan

21 

World Total 

690

Source: FAO (2009)

 

Top 10 Rice Producers (2009) (million metric ton) 

 China

197 

 India

131 

 Indonesia

64 

 Bangladesh

45 

 Vietnam

38 

 Thailand

31 

 Myanmar

31 

 Philippines

16 

 Brazil

11 

 Japan

10 

Source: FAO (2009)

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Comments

  • nikita
    Reply

    it very pitiable that nstead being the 2nd largest producer of foodgrns, millions r dying of starvation