India & Desertification

India is a party to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and the Government of India in fulfillment of one of the obligations of the parties to the convention, submitted a National Action Programme to Combat Desertification to the Secretariat of the UNCCD in 2001.

  • In India, the total area under desertification is 81.45 mha.
  • Water erosion (26.21 mha), wind erosion (17.77 mha), vegetal degradation (17.63 mha) and frost shattering (9.47 mha) are the major processes of desertification.
  • Nearly one third of the country’s land area (32.07%) is undergoing processes of land degradation.
  • There are about eight major processes of land degradation active in the country.
  • Water erosion is the most pronounced process, followed by vegetal degradation and aolian processes. Total area under land degradation is 105.48 mha.
  • Area-wise Rajasthan, J&K, Gujarat and Maharashtra have high proportions of land undergoing degradation.
  • 81.45 mha land area of the country is undergoing the process of desertification.

The following picture shows the processwise Land Degradation status of India


Download GKToday's Android App for Current Affairs updates and quizzes.